Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

  • D4h3

    Haplogroup D4h3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 15,300 and 21,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places:


Explore your maternal heritage in the Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins.

Genetic Genealogy News

Latest Posts

  • Project Privacy Settings Quick Start Guide

FTDNA Project Member Privacy Settings – Quick Start Guide

This is a quick guide to adjusting your privacy settings for project participation at Family Tree DNA. I, personally, take my privacy extremely seriously, and I hope your own seriously too. The new GDPR law in Europe has inspired some positive changes at Family Tree DNA, and there are account settings that need to be adjusted accordingly.

Featured Page


Anzick-1, Anzick Boy, is a Paleo-Indian male child. His remains were found at a Clovis Culture site. He was one of two children found in 1968, at the site in south central Montana, USA. His death and remains date to between 12,707 and 12,556 years ago.

Project News

  • Nordic Y-DNA - 4 July

Nordic Y-DNA Weekly News – 10 Aug 2018

Hello Everyone, The project continues to grow, and it is wonderful to see geographic discoveries begin to come forward. This weeks find was made by Harald Alvestrand. Below are the counts for each major Y-DNA [...]

  • Q-M242 - 10 July

Q-M242 Weekly Update – 10 July 2018

This week's newsletter will cover the project's most recent published paper, the Q-L804 and Q-L527 branches, and new SNP Packs being developed by Family Tree DNA for Q-L804 and Q-L527.

Recent Journal Articles

Mitogenome Diversity in Sardinians: A Genetic Window onto an Island's Past

Sardinians are “outliers” in the European genetic landscape and, according to paleogenomic nuclear data, the closest to early European Neolithic farmers.

500 Years Later: Understanding the Genetic Ancestry of the Southeast Region, Brazil

In preliminary analyzes with X-INDELs in samples from São Paulo, we found the following ancestral proportions: 29.4% African, 49.7% European and 20.9% Native American.

Mitochondrial genomes reveal an east to west cline of steppe ancestry in Corded Ware populations

From around 4,000 to 2,000 BC the forest-steppe north-western Pontic region was occupied by people who shared a nomadic lifestyle, pastoral economy and barrow burial rituals.

Prehistoric migrations through the Mediterranean basin shaped Corsican Y-chromosome diversity

This study included 321 samples from men throughout Corsica; samples from Provence and Tuscany were added to the cohort.