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Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

  • A2

    Haplogroup A2 is an Native Americas branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 13,900 and 17,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

    People: Places: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, North America, Peru, Puerto Rico, South America, Uruguay, and Venezuela


Explore your maternal heritage in the Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins.


Genetic Genealogy News

Rockstar Genealogist Nominations are Open

It is time again to blast off with the annual 'Rockstar' genealogist competition on the Canada's Anglo-Celtic blog. Nominations are fortunately open still, so we have time to look at genetic genealogists who should be [...]

FTDNA Announces BIG Y Updates

This morning, Family Tree DNA announced to project administrators some of the first major updates to their BIG Y product since its launch.

  • DNA Survey - Triangulation 2

DNA Survey – DNA Triangulation

When I closed the survey, 101 people (n=101) had taken it. The first question was, "Do you use DNA Triangulation with your matches?" 63.4% answered Yes, and 36.6% answered No.

23andMe Is Eliminating Usernames on 27 Sep. 2017

23andMe sent out the following message to all of their customers today.

Recent Journal Articles

Messinian age and savannah environment of the possible hominin Graecopithecus from Europe

For the Graecopithecus-bearing Pikermi Formation of Attica/Greece, a saline aeolian dust deposit of North African (Sahara) provenance, we obtain an age of 7.37–7.11 Ma, which is coeval with a dramatic cooling in the Mediterranean region at the Tortonian-Messinian transition.

Is there a Finno-Ugric component in the gene pool of Russians from Yaroslavl oblast? Evidence from Y-chromosome

The Upper Volga region was an area of contacts of Finno-Ugric, Slavic, and Scandinavian speaking populations in the 8th–10th centuries AD. However, their role in the formation of the contemporary gene pool of the Russian population of the region is largely unknown. To answer this question, we studied four populations of Yaroslavl oblast (N = 132) by a wide panel of STR and SNP markers of the Y-chromosome.

Taino and African maternal heritage in the Greater Antilles

In an effort to alleviate this lacuna of information on the genetic constituents of the Greater Antilles, we comprehensively compared the mtDNA compositions of Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica and Puerto Rico.

Genetic origins of the Minoans and Mycenaeans

Here we show that Minoans and Mycenaeans were genetically similar, having at least three-quarters of their ancestry from the first Neolithic farmers of western Anatolia and the Aegean, and most of the remainder from ancient populations related to those of the Caucasus and Iran.

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  • The GenePlaza Website

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  • The GenePlaza Website

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