Mitogenomic diversity and differentiation of the Buryats

In this paper we present a results of first comprehensive study of the complete mitogenomes in the Buryats with regard to their belonging to the main regional (eastern and western Buryats); tribal (Khori, Ekhirid, Bulagad, and Khongodor), and ethno-territorial (Aginsk, Alar, Balagansk, Barguzin, Ida, Khorinsk, Kuda, Selenga, Verkholensk, Olkhon, Tunka, and Shenehen Buryats) groups.

2017-11-25T05:54:26+00:00 November 25th, 2017|

Subdivisions of haplogroups U and C encompass mitochondrial DNA lineages of Eneolithic–Early Bronze Age Kurgan populations of western North Pontic steppe

Our results indicate the persistence of Mesolithic hunter–gatherer mtDNA lineages in western NPR through the EBA, as well as suggesting a mtDNA lineage continuum connecting the western NPR inhabitants of the Early Metal Ages to the North Pontic Neolithic population groups.

2017-08-04T08:07:49+00:00 August 4th, 2017|

Direct radiocarbon dating and DNA analysis of the Darra-i-Kur (Afghanistan) human temporal bone

The temporal bone discovered in the 1960s from the Darra-i-Kur cave in Afghanistan is often cited as one of the very few Pleistocene human fossils from Central Asia. Here we report the first direct radiocarbon date for the specimen and the genetic analyses of DNA extracted and sequenced from two areas of the bone.

2017-05-09T11:40:34+00:00 May 9th, 2017|

Investigating mitochondrial DNA relationships in Neolithic Western Europe through serial coalescent simulations

We explore female effective population size parameter combinations at the time of the colonization of Europe 45000 years ago and the most recent of the Neolithic samples analyzed in this study 5900 years ago, and identify conditions under which population panmixia between hunter-gatherers/Early-Middle Neolithic farmers and Gurgy cannot be rejected.

2017-01-03T18:23:31+00:00 January 3rd, 2017|

Different kinds of genetic markers permit inference of Paleolithic and Neolithic expansions in humans

For a large majority of replicates for each scenario tested, microsatellite data allow only detecting the recent expansion event in that case, whereas sequence data allow only detecting the ancient expansion.

2016-12-27T09:05:30+00:00 December 27th, 2016|

Genetic diversity of two Neolithic populations provides evidence of farming expansions in North China

The West Liao River Valley and the Yellow River Valley are recognized Neolithic farming centers in North China. The population dynamics between these two centers have significantly contributed to the present-day genetic patterns and the agricultural advances of North China.

2016-09-26T13:23:37+00:00 September 5th, 2016|

Mitochondrial genome evidence reveals successful Late Paleolithic settlement on the Tibetan Plateau

Due to its numerous environmental extremes, the Tibetan Plateau--the world's highest plateau--is one of the most challenging areas of modern human settlement. Archaeological evidence dates the earliest settlement on the plateau to the Late Paleolithic, while previous genetic studies have traced the colonization event(s) to no earlier than the Neolithic.

2016-08-11T02:06:48+00:00 July 3rd, 2016|