Retracing the genetic histories of the descendant populations of the Slave Trade (16th-19th centuries) is particularly challenging due to the diversity of African ethnic groups involved and the different hybridisation processes with Europeans and Amerindians, which have blurred their original genetic inheritances. The Noir Marron in French Guiana are the direct descendants of maroons who escaped from Dutch plantations in the current day Surinam. They represent an original ethnic group with a highly blended culture. Uniparental markers (mtDNA and NRY) coupled with HTLV-1 sequences (env and LTR) were studied to establish the genetic relationships linking them to African American and African populations.
- Brucato, Nicolas; Cassar, Olivier; Tonasso, Laure; Tortevoye, Patricia; Nabias, Florence M.; Plancoulaine, Sabine; Guitard, Evelyne; Larrouy, Georges; Gessain, Antoine & Dugoujon, Jean M. (2010). The imprint of the Slave Trade in an African American population: mitochondrial DNA, Y chromosome and HTLV-1 analysis in the Noir Marron of French Guiana. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 10(1), 314+.
Peoples: - | Places: - | Topics: Slave Trade | DNA Type: mtDNA and Y-DNA