//Diverse origin of mitochondrial lineages in Iron Age Black Sea Scythians

Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.

Diverse origin of mitochondrial lineages in Iron Age Black Sea Scythians

Diverse origin of mitochondrial lineages in Iron Age Black Sea Scythians

Abstract:

Scythians were nomadic and semi-nomadic people that ruled the Eurasian steppe during much of the first millennium BCE. While having been extensively studied by archaeology, very little is known about their genetic identity. To fill this gap, we analyzed ancient mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from Scythians of the North Pontic Region (NPR) and successfully retrieved 19 whole mtDNA genomes. We have identified three potential mtDNA lineage ancestries of the NPR Scythians tracing back to hunter-gatherer and nomadic populations of east and west Eurasia as well as the Neolithic farming expansion into Europe. One third of all mt lineages in our dataset belonged to subdivisions of mt haplogroup U5. A comparison of NPR Scythian mtDNA linages with other contemporaneous Scythian groups, the Saka and the Pazyryks, reveals a common mtDNA package comprised of haplogroups H/H5, U5a, A, D/D4, and F1/F2. Of these, west Eurasian lineages show a downward cline in the west-east direction while east Eurasian haplogroups display the opposite trajectory. An overall similarity in mtDNA lineages of the NPR Scythians was found with the late Bronze Age Srubnaya population of the Northern Black Sea region which supports the archaeological hypothesis suggesting Srubnaya people as ancestors of the NPR Scythians.

Citation:

  • Juras, A., Krzewińska, M., Nikitin, A.G., Ehler, E., Chyleński, M., Łukasik, S., Krenz-Niedbała, M., Sinika, V., Piontek, J., Ivanova, S. and Dabert, M. (2017). Diverse origin of mitochondrial lineages in Iron Age Black Sea Scythians. Nature Scientific Reports, 7, 43950+.

Source Link:
https://www.nature.com/articles/srep43950

Keywords

Peoples: | Places: | Topics: | DNA Type: Ancient DNA and mtDNA

2018-09-29T07:27:36+00:00September 29th, 2018|
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!