We describe the first dental proteomic profiles of Iron Age individuals (c2000‐1000 years B.P), collected from the site of Long Long Rak rock shelter (LLR) in northwest Thailand. A bias toward the preservation of the positively charged aromatic, and polar amino acids is observed. It is evident that the 212 proteins identified (2 peptide, FDR <1%) comprise a palimpsest of alterations that occurred both ante‐mortem and post‐mortem. Conservation of amino acids within the taphonomically resistant crystalline matrix enabled the identification of both X and Y chromosome linked amelogenin peptides. A novel multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) method using the sex specific amelogenin protein isoforms is described and indicate the teeth are of male origin. Functional analysis shows an enrichment of pathways associated with metabolic disorders and shows a capacity for harboring these conditions prior to death. Stable isotope analysis using carbon ‐ isotopes highlights the strongly C3 based (∼80%) diet of the Long Long Rak cemetery people, which probably comprised rice combined with protein from freshwater fish among other food items. The combination of proteomics and stable isotope analysis provides a complementary strategy for assessing the demography, diet, lifestyle and possible diseases experienced by ancient populations.
- Wasinger, V.C., Curnoe, D., Bustamante, S., Mendoza, R., Shoocongdej, R., Adler, L., Baker, A., Chintakanon, K., Boel, C. and Tacon, P.S. (2019). Analysis of the Preserved Amino Acid Bias in Peptide Profiles of Iron Age Teeth From a Tropical Environment Enable Sexing of Individuals Using Amelogenin MRM. Proteomics, -, 1800341+.
Peoples: - | Places: Thailand | Topics: C3, Diet, Iron age, Long Long Rak cemetery, and Long Long Rak rock shelter | DNA Type: Ancient DNA