The aim of this research was to test genetically the remains found in Białystok to determine their possible ethnic background, in order to shed new light on the victims and what happened in the Białystok detention centre during the Nazi occupation.
In the present study we have investigated the frequency of five polymorphisms within innate immune-response genes (SLC11A1 D543N, MBL2 G161A, P2RX7 A1513C, IL10 A-1082G, TLR2 –196 to –174 ins/del) related to susceptibility to infections in humans. The DNA of individuals from two early Roman-Period populations of Linowo and Rogowo was analysed.
Medieval era encounters of nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe and largely sedentary East Europeans had a variety of demographic and cultural consequences. Amongst these outcomes was the emergence of the Lipka Tatars—a Slavic-speaking Sunni-Muslim minority residing in modern Belarus, Lithuania and Poland, whose ancestors arrived in these territories via several migration waves, mainly from the Golden Horde.
Mitochondrial DNA variability in the Polish Roma population has been studied by means of hypervariable segment I and II (HVS I and II) sequencing and restriction fragment-length polymorphism analysis of the mtDNA coding region.
Haplogroup A8a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.
Haplogroup H1ap1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.
Haplogroup R1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,700 and 6,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).
Haplogroup R1a1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.
Haplogroup K1c1f is a European branch on the maternal tree of humanity.