A Neanderthal deciduous human molar with incipient carious infection from the Middle Palaeolithic De Nadale cave, Italy

The aim of the study is the assessment of Nadale, a Neanderthal deciduous tooth recently discovered in Northeastern Italy in the De Nadale cave (Middle Palaeolithic). Together with the clear archaeological context of the site, this study brings new insight on Neanderthal behavior and dental morphological variability.

2016-10-10T10:16:51+00:00October 10th, 2016|

The Italian genome reflects the history of Europe and the Mediterranean basin

Recent scientific literature has highlighted the relevance of population genetic studies both for disease association mapping in admixed populations and for understanding the history of human migrations. Deeper insight into the history of the Italian population is critical for understanding the peopling of Europe.

2016-06-16T07:17:31+00:00June 16th, 2016|


Haplogroup U2e3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,500 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

2016-08-30T06:03:17+00:00June 6th, 2016|


Haplogroup L1b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Though its origin is in Africa, members of this lineage are connected to several early migrations into Europe. It is also present in parts of South America due to both European Colonization and the Transatlantic Slave Trade.

2016-11-03T20:05:30+00:00June 6th, 2016|

The Etruscan timeline: a recent Anatolian connection

The origin of the Etruscans (the present day Tuscany, Italy), one of the most enigmatic non-Indo-European civilizations, is under intense controversy. We found novel genetic evidences on the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) establishing a genetic link between Anatolia and the ancient Etruria. By way of complete mtDNA genome sequencing of a novel autochthonous Tuscan branch of haplogroup U7 (namely U7a2a)

2016-07-01T14:38:21+00:00December 31st, 2008|