Europe

Signatures of human European Paleolithic expansion shown by resequencing of non-recombining X-chromosome segments

This study demonstrates the potential of the use of X-chromosomal haplotype blocks, and the utility of the accurate ascertainment of rare variants for inferring human demographic history.

2016-08-08T09:23:49+00:00 August 8th, 2016|

MtDNA analysis of global populations support that major population expansions began before Neolithic Time

Agriculture resulted in extensive population growths and human activities. However, whether major human expansions started after Neolithic Time still remained controversial. With the benefit of 1000 Genome Project, we were able to analyze a total of 910 samples from 11 populations in Africa, Europe and Americas.

2016-07-01T21:58:12+00:00 July 1st, 2016|

The mitogenome of a 35,000-year-old Homo sapiens from Europe supports a Palaeolithic back-migration to Africa

After the dispersal of modern humans (Homo sapiens) Out of Africa, hominins with a similar morphology to that of present-day humans initiated the gradual demographic expansion into Eurasia. The mitogenome (33-fold coverage) of the Pe?tera Muierii 1 individual (PM1) from Romania (35?ky?cal?BP) we present in this article corresponds fully to Homo sapiens, whilst exhibiting a mosaic of morphological features related to both modern humans and Neandertals. We have identified the PM1 mitogenome as a basal haplogroup U6*, not previously found in any ancient or present-day humans.

2016-06-10T08:16:03+00:00 May 24th, 2016|