Chile – A Place

Summary

  • Politics
    • Name: Chile
    • Capital: Santiago
    • 2 Letter Code: CL
    • 3 Letter Code: CHL
  • Land
    • Contenent: The Americas
    • Region: South America
    • Total Land: 756,102 (291,933)
    • Land: 743,812 (287,187)
    • Water: 12,290 (4,750)
  • People
    • Population: 16,134,219
    • Birth Rate: 15.23 per 1,000
    • Death Rate: 5.81 per 1,000
    • Infant Mortality: 8.8 per 1,000
    • Literacy: 97.00%
  • Economy
    • Agriculture: 6%%
    • Industry: 49.3%%
    • Service: 44.7%%

Map

Chile is officially the Republic of Chile. It is a country in South America. It is located to the south between Argentina and Peru. It borders the South Pacific Ocean. It also shares part of its border with Bolivia.

Along the coast of Chile are low lying mountains. There is a fertile central valley. In the east are the Andes mountains. The climate of Chile is temperate. In the north is desert. There is more of a Mediterranean climate in the central region. It is cool and damp in the south.

Prehistory

Chile was settled by early peoples who traveled from Asia to the Americas during the last ice age. Over thousands of years, these people developed their own cultures and practices. This entire period is considered part of Chile’s prehistory.

At the end of it, there were two main groups of people. In the north, the great Inca empire ruled. In the south were the Mapuche. They inhabited central and southern Chile.

Chile’s prehistory ended in the 16th century with the arrival of explorers from Spain.

History

The Spanish controlled much of northern Chile from the 16th century into the 19th century. Chile declared independence from Spain in 1810. They achieved full victory in 1818.

Between 1879 and 1883, Chile fought the War of the Pacific with Peru and Bolivia. From this, Chile gained what is now the northern part of the country. In the 1880s, they also expanded to the south and gained the lands occupied by the Mapuche.

Modern Times

The population of Chile is now approximately 17 million people.

The country hosts many people of numerous ethnic groups. The majority (88.9%) of its population have a European origin. The two main indigenous ethnic groups are the Mapuche (9.1%) and the Aymara (0.7%). There are other minor ethnic groups.

The Spanish introduced Roman Catholicism. It remains the majority religion (66.7%) supported by the people of Chile. Other denominations include Protestants (11.5%) and Jehovah’s Witness.

Spanish is the official language of Chile. Over 99% of people speak it as their first language. English (10.2%), indigenous (1%), and (2.3%) as other or unspecified.

Genetics

This section is under development.

mtDNA

Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Hg Build 16 Birth Country Mother's Birth Country Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10005278 H1 Chile Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010956 H5a1c1a Chile Chile Unspecified
Hap10021949 H6a1b2 Chile Chile Unspecified
Hap10024685 H1e1a1 Chile Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026708 H Chile Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039213 H1at1 United States Chile Chile
Hap10040988 A2 Chile Chile Chile
Hap10040989 A2 Chile Chile Chile
Hap10040990 A2 Chile Chile Chile
Hap10041165 A2 Chile Chile Unspecified
Hap10042439 A2m Chile Chile Chile
Hap10042690 A2w Chile Chile Chile
Hap10043061 B2 Chile Chile Chile
Hap10043062 B2 Chile Chile Chile
Hap10043063 B2 United States Chile Chile
Hap10043146 B2 Chile Chile Unspecified
Hap10043147 B2 Panama Chile Unspecified
Hap10043973 B2i2 Chile Chile Unspecified
Hap10043974 B2i2 Chile Chile Unspecified
Hap10043975 B2i2 Chile Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043977 B2i2a1a Chile Chile Chile
Hap10043978 B2i2a1a Chile Chile Chile
Hap10043979 B2i2a1a Chile Chile Chile
Hap10043982 B2i2b Chile Chile Chile
Hap10043983 B2i2b Chile Chile Chile
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Sources and Resources

Background

Coming soon.

Journal Articles

Coming soon.

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