Chile – A Place

Summary

Continent: The Americas

Population:

Literacy:

Map

Chile is officially the Republic of Chile. It is a country in South America. It is located to the south between Argentina and Peru. It borders the South Pacific Ocean. It also shares part of its border with Bolivia.

Along the coast of Chile are low lying mountains. There is a fertile central valley. In the east are the Andes mountains. The climate of Chile is temperate. In the north is desert. There is more of a Mediterranean climate in the central region. It is cool and damp in the south.

Prehistory

Chile was settled by early peoples who traveled from Asia to the Americas during the last ice age. Over thousands of years, these people developed their own cultures and practices. This entire period is considered part of Chile’s prehistory.

At the end of it, there were two main groups of people. In the north, the great Inca empire ruled. In the south were the Mapuche. They inhabited central and southern Chile.

Chile’s prehistory ended in the 16th century with the arrival of explorers from Spain.

History

The Spanish controlled much of northern Chile from the 16th century into the 19th century. Chile declared independence from Spain in 1810. They achieved full victory in 1818.

Between 1879 and 1883, Chile fought the War of the Pacific with Peru and Bolivia. From this, Chile gained what is now the northern part of the country. In the 1880s, they also expanded to the south and gained the lands occupied by the Mapuche.

Modern Times

The population of Chile is now approximately 17 million people.

The country hosts many people of numerous ethnic groups. The majority (88.9%) of its population have a European origin. The two main indigenous ethnic groups are the Mapuche (9.1%) and the Aymara (0.7%). There are other minor ethnic groups.

The Spanish introduced Roman Catholicism. It remains the majority religion (66.7%) supported by the people of Chile. Other denominations include Protestants (11.5%) and Jehovah’s Witness.

Spanish is the official language of Chile. Over 99% of people speak it as their first language. English (10.2%), indigenous (1%), and (2.3%) as other or unspecified.

Genetics

This section is under development.

mtDNA

Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDHg Build 16Birth CountryMother's Birth CountryMaternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10005278H1ChileUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10010956H5a1c1aChileChileUnspecified
Hap10021949H6a1b2ChileChileUnspecified
Hap10024685H1e1a1ChileUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10026708HChileUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039213H1at1United StatesChileChile
Hap10040988A2ChileChileChile
Hap10040989A2ChileChileChile
Hap10040990A2ChileChileChile
Hap10041165A2ChileChileUnspecified
Hap10042439A2mChileChileChile
Hap10042690A2wChileChileChile
Hap10043061B2ChileChileChile
Hap10043062B2ChileChileChile
Hap10043063B2United StatesChileChile
Hap10043146B2ChileChileUnspecified
Hap10043147B2PanamaChileUnspecified
Hap10043973B2i2ChileChileUnspecified
Hap10043974B2i2ChileChileUnspecified
Hap10043975B2i2ChileUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043977B2i2a1aChileChileChile
Hap10043978B2i2a1aChileChileChile
Hap10043979B2i2a1aChileChileChile
Hap10043982B2i2bChileChileChile
Hap10043983B2i2bChileChileChile
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Sources and Resources

Background

Coming soon.

Journal Articles

Coming soon.