Burkina Faso is a country in West Africa. Most of the land is plateau. There are two climate zones. In the north is the Sahelian zone. This is semiarid steppe. Most of the land is grass savanna with sparse shrubs and stunted trees. In the south is the Sudanic zone. There the climate is tropical wet-dry type. This area is covered with scattered forests.
The population of Burkina Faso is 19 million.
There are several ethnic groups in this country. The major group is the Mossi (40%). The other groups are Fulani (9.4%), Bobo (5.9%), and Gurma (5.8%).
This is a multilingual country where there are spoken at least 70 languages. There are 66 native languages around the capital. Most of the people speak the Mossi language (40%). The official language is French.
Burkina Faso is a religiously diverse society with Islam (60.5%) being the dominant religion. The vast majority of Muslims are Malikite Sunni, which is deeply influenced with Sufism.
This section is under development.
Sources and Resources
- Barbieri, C., Whitten, M., Beyer, K., Schreiber, H., Li, M. and Pakendorf, B. (2012). Contrasting maternal and paternal histories in the linguistic context of Burkina Faso. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 29(4), 1213-1223.