Azerbaijan – A Place

Summary

Continent: Europe

Population: 9,827,589 (2017 UN)

Literacy: 99.5%

Flag

Azerbaijan Flag

Map

Azerbaijan map

Azerbaijan is officially the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is a country in Western or Southwestern Asia. Some consider it part of the South Caucasus region. Bordering the Caspian Sea, it is located between Iran and Russia. There is a small European portion north of the Caucasus range.

Azerbaijan shares borders with Armenia, Georgia, Iran, Russia, and Turkey.

The Kur-Araz Ovaligi, Kura-Araks Lowland, dominates Azerbaijan. Much of it sits below sea level. In the north are the Great Caucasus Mountains. In the west is the Qarabag Yaylasi, Karabakh Upland. Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi, Apsheron Peninsula, that juts into the Caspian Sea.

The dominant climate is dry semiarid steppe.

History

The territory came to be known as Azerbaijan was first invaded and occupied by the Iranian Sasanids Empire an Arabian Caliphate (Arabian Khalifat) in the 3rd and 7th centuries respectively. It was the introduction of Islamic religion though that paved the way for a significant historical breakthrough.

Islam succeeded in unifying the nation. This was through the promotion of a near single language, culture and customs among various ethnic groups. In particular, they appealed to both the Turkic and non-Turkic peoples.

Azerbaijani lands expanded in the 18th century as the nation conquered Northern India, including Delhi. However, Azerbaijan later broke up into smaller states: khanates and sultanates, falling under Russia and Iran.

However, with Turkey’s support in late 19th century, northern Azerbaijan was liberated from Russia, leading to the founding and declaration of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR). Of course, that government only existed for a short time before it was overrun by the new sovereign nation that was to be announced.

And in early 20th century, the creation of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (Azerbaijan SSR) on the territory of the ADR, and Azerbaijan SSR merged with the then Soviet Union as an independent republic until USSR was severed into different nations in 1991 after which, Azerbaijan became an independent state in August 30th of the same year.

Modern Times

The Republic of Azerbaijan is a landlocked country and has mixed people of ethnic origins and the total population is 9,961,396.

The ethnic groups of this country are mostly made of Azerbaijani (91.6%). Also have small groups Lezghin (2%), Russian (1.3%), Armenian (1.3%), Talysh (1.3%), and other (2.4%).

The people are dominated by Muslim religion (96.9%, predominantly Shia), Christian (3%), and others (<0.1).

The languages spoken are Azerbaijani (92.5%), Russian (1.4%), Armenian (1.4%), and other (4.7%).

Genetics

This section is under development.

mtDNA

Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDHg Build 16Birth CountryMother's Birth CountryMaternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10007675HArmeniaAzerbaijanUnspecified
Hap10028710H1aj1aAzerbaijanAzerbaijanUnspecified
Hap10049980J1b1aIranIranAzerbaijan
Hap10049981J1b1aIranIranAzerbaijan
Hap10058428J2b1fUnited StatesAzerbaijanAzerbaijan
Hap10058432J2b1fAzerbaijanAzerbaijanUnspecified
Hap10082001U1a1aAzerbaijanAzerbaijanAzerbaijan
Hap10094579U7a3AzerbaijanAzerbaijanAzerbaijan
Hap10096508V13AzerbaijanAzerbaijanAzerbaijan
1

Sources and Resources

Background

Azerbaijan – CIA World FactBook

Journal Articles

  • Herrera, Kristian J.; Lowery, Robert K.; Hadden, Laura; Calderon, Silvia; Chiou, Carolina; Yepiskoposyan, Levon; Regueiro, Maria; Underhill, Peter A. & Herrera, Rene J. (2012). Neolithic patrilineal signals indicate that the Armenian plateau was repopulated by agriculturalists. European Journal of Human Genetics, 20(3), 313-320.
  • Roewer, Lutz; Willuweit, Sascha; Stoneking, Mark & Nasidze, Ivan (2009). A Y-STR database of Iranian and Azerbaijanian minority populations. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 4(1), e53-e55.
  • Nasidze, Ivan; Quinque, Dominique; Rahmani, Manijeh; Alemohamad, Seyed A.; Asadova, Pervin; Zhukova, Olga & Stoneking, Mark (2009). mtDNA and Y-chromosome variation in the Talysh of Iran and Azerbaijan. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 138(1), 82-89.