Austria

Austria – A Place

Summary

  • Politics
    • Name: Austria
    • Capital: Vienna
    • 2 Letter Code: AT
    • 3 Letter Code: AUT
  • Land
    • Contenent: Europe
    • Region: Western Europe
    • Total Land: 83,871 (32,383)
    • Land: 82,445 (31,832)
    • Water: 1,426 (551)
  • People
    • Population: 8,192,880
    • Birth Rate: 8.74 per 1,000
    • Death Rate: 9.76 per 1,000
    • Infant Mortality: 4.66 per 1,000
    • Literacy: 98.00%
  • Economy
    • Agriculture: 1.8%%
    • Industry: 30.4%%
    • Service: 67.8%%

Flag

Austria flag

Map

Austria Map

Austria is a country in Western Europe. Landlocked, it shares boarders with Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

To the west and south lie the Alps. The rest of the country is mostly flat or gently sloping.

The climate is temperate continental. Winters are cloudy and cold winters with frequent rain. There is some snow in the lowlands and snow in mountains. Summers are moderate with occasional showers.

History

Between 15th and 16th centuries, long after the Romans had established the Province of Noricum, the present day Austria (earlier occupied by the Celtic tribe) as early as the 1st century BC, there was a number of reformations leading to near socio-cultural homogenization and economic advancement that were encouraged by the political expansion of the European occupation of colonies.

The conquests and counter-conquests that dominated the periods preceding the 16th and 17th centuries saw native Germanic Bavarians steadily replacing the Roman Christian control. However, they adopted many Roman customs, and the region became increasingly Christian.

Interestingly, the two-edge events of the Congress of Vienna and Austria’s role in the WWI and WWII coupled with the Treaty of Versailles paved the way for Austria’s control of some political power and freedom from German control, leading to the creation of political parties and massive industrialization.

Hence, shortly after the WW II, Austria declared itself a separate state from German government. However, it had to operate under very stringent political and economic restrictions. Upon the adoption of the Austrian State Treaty on 15 May 1955 and the abolition of allied occupation, Austria was declared an independent sovereign nation.

Modern Times

The population of Austria is almost 9 million. The majority are native born Australians (91.1%). Other ethnic groups include former Yugoslavs (4%) and Turks (1.6%).

Most of the population is Catholic (73.85). Other religions and denominations include Protestants are (4.9%), Muslims (4.2%), and Orthodox Christians (2.2%).

German is the official nationwide language of Austria (88.6%). In addition, people speak Turkish (23%), Serbian (2.2%), Croatian (1.6%), and other languages (5.3%).

Genetics

This section is under development.

mtDNA

Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDHg Build 16Birth CountryMother's Birth CountryMaternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10084534U4aSwedenAustriaUnspecified
Hap10084819U4a1aUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10085406U4a3aGermanyGermanyAustria
Hap10085575U4b1a1a1AustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10085576U4b1a1a1CanadaCanadaAustria
Hap10085741U4b1a3aAustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10086119U4b3United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10086164U4c1aAustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10086512U4d2United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10086615U5a1a1AustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10086616U5a1a1CanadaCanadaAustria
Hap10086617U5a1a1United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10087369U5a1a1cAustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10087512U5a1a1dAustriaUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10088266U5a1b1AustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10088762U5a1b1c2United StatesAustriaUnspecified
Hap10088763U5a1b1c2United StatesAustriaUnspecified
Hap10089936U5a2bAustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10089980U5a2bUnspecifiedAustriaUnspecified
Hap10090292U5a2b3a1United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10090408U5a2c1CanadaCanadaAustria
Hap10090694U5a2d1aAustriaAustriaUnspecified
Hap10092086U5b1e1United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10092087U5b1e1United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10092366U5b2a1a1CanadaCanadaAustria
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Sources and Resources

Background

Journal Articles