Austria

Austria – A Place

Summary

  • Politics
    • Name: Austria
    • Capital: Vienna
    • 2 Letter Code: AT
    • 3 Letter Code: AUT
  • Land
    • Contenent: Europe
    • Region: Western Europe
    • Total Land: 83,871 (32,383)
    • Land: 82,445 (31,832)
    • Water: 1,426 (551)
  • People
    • Population: 8,192,880
    • Birth Rate: 8.74 per 1,000
    • Death Rate: 9.76 per 1,000
    • Infant Mortality: 4.66 per 1,000
    • Literacy: 98.00%
  • Economy
    • Agriculture: 1.8%%
    • Industry: 30.4%%
    • Service: 67.8%%

Flag

Austria flag

Map

Austria Map

Austria is a country in Western Europe. Landlocked, it shares boarders with Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

To the west and south lie the Alps. The rest of the country is mostly flat or gently sloping.

The climate is temperate continental. Winters are cloudy and cold winters with frequent rain. There is some snow in the lowlands and snow in mountains. Summers are moderate with occasional showers.

History

Between 15th and 16th centuries, long after the Romans had established the Province of Noricum, the present day Austria (earlier occupied by the Celtic tribe) as early as the 1st century BC, there was a number of reformations leading to near socio-cultural homogenization and economic advancement that were encouraged by the political expansion of the European occupation of colonies.

The conquests and counter-conquests that dominated the periods preceding the 16th and 17th centuries saw native Germanic Bavarians steadily replacing the Roman Christian control. However, they adopted many Roman customs, and the region became increasingly Christian.

Interestingly, the two-edge events of the Congress of Vienna and Austria’s role in the WWI and WWII coupled with the Treaty of Versailles paved the way for Austria’s control of some political power and freedom from German control, leading to the creation of political parties and massive industrialization.

Hence, shortly after the WW II, Austria declared itself a separate state from German government. However, it had to operate under very stringent political and economic restrictions. Upon the adoption of the Austrian State Treaty on 15 May 1955 and the abolition of allied occupation, Austria was declared an independent sovereign nation.

Modern Times

The population of Austria is almost 9 million. The majority are native born Australians (91.1%). Other ethnic groups include former Yugoslavs (4%) and Turks (1.6%).

Most of the population is Catholic (73.85). Other religions and denominations include Protestants are (4.9%), Muslims (4.2%), and Orthodox Christians (2.2%).

German is the official nationwide language of Austria (88.6%). In addition, people speak Turkish (23%), Serbian (2.2%), Croatian (1.6%), and other languages (5.3%).

Genetics

This section is under development.

mtDNA

Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDHg Build 16Birth CountryMother's Birth CountryMaternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10022483H3wUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10022539H2bUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10023214H2a1CanadaCanadaAustria
Hap10023297H3cUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10023397H1c1LiechtensteinAustriaAustria
Hap10023868H2a3ItalyAustriaAustria
Hap10023976H3bAustriaUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025020H5rUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10025089H2a1aAustraliaAustriaAustria
Hap10025129HUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10026004H3wBoliviaAustriaUnspecified
Hap10026017H7bUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10026217H1c1aUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10027320HUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10027521H18AustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10027810H6a1b4GermanyPolandAustria
Hap10028047H1b1CubaRomaniaAustria
Hap10028116H3h2AustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10028237H5a1g1aUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10029174H11aSloveniaRussiaAustria
Hap10029858H26aCanadaCanadaAustria
Hap10030733H1cUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10030852H1a3Czech RepublicAustriaUnspecified
Hap10031623H1c22AustriaAustriaUnspecified
Hap10032065H13a1a1aAustriaAustriaUnspecified
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Sources and Resources

Background

Journal Articles