Austria is a country in Western Europe. Landlocked, it shares boarders with Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland.
To the west and south lie the Alps. The rest of the country is mostly flat or gently sloping.
The climate is temperate continental. Winters are cloudy and cold winters with frequent rain. There is some snow in the lowlands and snow in mountains. Summers are moderate with occasional showers.
Between 15th and 16th centuries, long after the Romans had established the Province of Noricum, the present day Austria (earlier occupied by the Celtic tribe) as early as the 1st century BC, there was a number of reformations leading to near socio-cultural homogenization and economic advancement that were encouraged by the political expansion of the European occupation of colonies.
The conquests and counter-conquests that dominated the periods preceding the 16th and 17th centuries saw native Germanic Bavarians steadily replacing the Roman Christian control. However, they adopted many Roman customs, and the region became increasingly Christian.
Interestingly, the two-edge events of the Congress of Vienna and Austria’s role in the WWI and WWII coupled with the Treaty of Versailles paved the way for Austria’s control of some political power and freedom from German control, leading to the creation of political parties and massive industrialization.
Hence, shortly after the WW II, Austria declared itself a separate state from German government. However, it had to operate under very stringent political and economic restrictions. Upon the adoption of the Austrian State Treaty on 15 May 1955 and the abolition of allied occupation, Austria was declared an independent sovereign nation.
The population of Austria is almost 9 million. The majority are native born Australians (91.1%). Other ethnic groups include former Yugoslavs (4%) and Turks (1.6%).
Most of the population is Catholic (73.85). Other religions and denominations include Protestants are (4.9%), Muslims (4.2%), and Orthodox Christians (2.2%).
German is the official nationwide language of Austria (88.6%). In addition, people speak Turkish (23%), Serbian (2.2%), Croatian (1.6%), and other languages (5.3%).
This section is under development.
Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Hg Build 16||Birth Country||Mother's Birth Country||Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country|
|Hap10010849||H2a1a||United States||United States||Austria|
|Hap10013887||H1a3c||United States||United States||Austria|
|Hap10015412||H2a1c||United States||United States||Austria|
|Hap10015525||H1aj1a||United States||United Kingdom||Austria|
|Hap10016204||H5u||United States||United States||Austria|
|Hap10017118||H5r||United States||United States||Austria|
|Hap10018161||H1e1a||United States||United States||Austria|
|Hap10018589||HV4||United States||United States||Austria|
|Hap10019161||H1a3||United States||United States||Austria|
|Hap10019342||H3h||United States||United States||Austria|
|Hap10020494||HV0||United States||United States||Austria|
|Hap10022225||H2a5b||United States||United States||Austria|
Sources and Resources
- Votrubova, J., Brzobohata, H., Brestovansky, P., Tomasek, P. and Vanek, D. (2017). DNA analysis of lineage markers from skeletons from a mass grave related to the Battle of Reichenberg in 1757. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series, in press, in press.