Austria – A Place

Summary

Continent: Europe

Population: 8,735,453 (2017 UN)

Literacy: 99%

Flag

Austria flag

Map

Austria Map

Austria is a country in Western Europe. Landlocked, it shares boarders with Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

To the west and south lie the Alps. The rest of the country is mostly flat or gently sloping.

The climate is temperate continental. Winters are cloudy and cold winters with frequent rain. There is some snow in the lowlands and snow in mountains. Summers are moderate with occasional showers.

History

Between 15th and 16th centuries, long after the Romans had established the Province of Noricum, the present day Austria (earlier occupied by the Celtic tribe) as early as the 1st century BC, there was a number of reformations leading to near socio-cultural homogenization and economic advancement that were encouraged by the political expansion of the European occupation of colonies.

The conquests and counter-conquests that dominated the periods preceding the 16th and 17th centuries saw native Germanic Bavarians steadily replacing the Roman Christian control. However, they adopted many Roman customs, and the region became increasingly Christian.

Interestingly, the two-edge events of the Congress of Vienna and Austria’s role in the WWI and WWII coupled with the Treaty of Versailles paved the way for Austria’s control of some political power and freedom from German control, leading to the creation of political parties and massive industrialization.

Hence, shortly after the WW II, Austria declared itself a separate state from German government. However, it had to operate under very stringent political and economic restrictions. Upon the adoption of the Austrian State Treaty on 15 May 1955 and the abolition of allied occupation, Austria was declared an independent sovereign nation.

Modern Times

The population of Austria is almost 9 million. The majority are native born Australians (91.1%). Other ethnic groups include former Yugoslavs (4%) and Turks (1.6%).

Most of the population is Catholic (73.85). Other religions and denominations include Protestants are (4.9%), Muslims (4.2%), and Orthodox Christians (2.2%).

German is the official nationwide language of Austria (88.6%). In addition, people speak Turkish (23%), Serbian (2.2%), Croatian (1.6%), and other languages (5.3%).

Genetics

This section is under development.

mtDNA

Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDHg Build 16Birth CountryMother's Birth CountryMaternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10000176H5c2United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10000498H18United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10000595H5a2United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10001138H13b1United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10001373H5e1a1UnspecifiedGermanyAustria
Hap10001879H3wUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10002351H28aUnited StatesAustriaUnspecified
Hap10002513HUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10004105H11b1United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10004677H1United StatesAustriaUnspecified
Hap10004809H3AustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10005170H5r1United StatesUnited Arab EmiratesAustria
Hap10006117HV0United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10006352H54AustriaGermanyAustria
Hap10006688H1b1aUnited StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10006851H1at1United StatesUnited StatesAustria
Hap10006930H6a1aAustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10007120H5United KingdomAustriaUnspecified
Hap10007438H7AustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10007858H1afUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10008108H11b1AustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10008671H6a1b2UnspecifiedUnited StatesAustria
Hap10009320H5a2GermanyAustriaUnspecified
Hap10010288H17a2CanadaCanadaAustria
Hap10010385H26a1United StatesUnited StatesAustria
12 3 9 Next › Last »

Sources and Resources

Background

Journal Articles