Argentina

Argentina – A Place

Summary

  • Politics
    • Name: Argentina
    • Capital: Buenos Aires
    • 2 Letter Code: AR
    • 3 Letter Code: ARG
  • Land
    • Contenent: The Americas
    • Region: South America
    • Total Land: 2,780,400 (1,073,500)
    • Land: 2,736,690 (1,056,640)
    • Water: 43,710 (16,880)
  • People
    • Population: -
    • Birth Rate: -
    • Death Rate: -
    • Infant Mortality: -
    • Literacy: 98.00%
  • Economy
    • Agriculture: -%
    • Industry: -%
    • Service: -%

Flag

Argentina flag

Map

Argentina map

Argentina is officially named the Argentine Republic. It is a country in South America. Located to the far south, it borders the South Atlantic Ocean. It lies between Chile and Uruguay. Other bordering countries are Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay, Uruguay.

The lands of Argentina have three major regions. There are rich plains of the Pampas in the north. In the south, is the flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia. The high Andes mountains run along the western border.

The climate in Argentina is mostly temperate. It is arid in the southeast. It is subantarctic in the southwest.

History

The first people who came to South America came from Asia. They had crossed over to North America during the last ice age via the Bering Strait. Eventually, they reached South America and what is now Argentina.

In 1515, Spanish pilot Juan Diaz de Solis arrived at the estuary of the Rio de la Plata, in which he entered first. He claimed what would become Argintina for Spain. Argentina is named after silver (‘Argentum’ in Latin). Thus, documented history of the country only started in 1535.

From its founding in 1776 until 1810, Argentina belonged to the viceroyalty of Río de la Plata. Thus, early on, the hydrographic system of the Rio de la Plata was recognized. This was after the foundation of the great city, Buenos Aires. From there, in the 16th and 17th century, some armed exploration took place.

On May 25, 1810, the so-called May revolution broke out, and Buenos Aires got a new administration. On July 9, 1816, Argentina became officially independent, but political unrest continued for decades. In 1860 Argentina gained its name. Buenos Aires became the capital.

Modern Times

The population of Argentina is now 44 million. Most of the population is historically European (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) in origin (97%). There are also Mestizo (3%), Amerindian (2.4%), African (0.4%) and other nonwhite groups.

The local religion of Argentines is Roman Catholic (92%), Protestant (2%), Jewish (2%), and other (4%).

Spanish is the most used language in Argentina. There are over forty spoken languages though. They include German, Italian, English, French, and many indigenous languages.

Genetics

This section is under development.

mtDNA

Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDHg Build 16Birth CountryMother's Birth CountryMaternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10054316J1c3bUnited StatesUnited StatesArgentina
Hap10056777J1d1a1ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10058496K1aArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10058497K1aUnited StatesArgentinaArgentina
Hap10060045K1a1b1aArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10061067K1a2United StatesArgentinaUnspecified
Hap10061660K1a3a3ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10062107K1a4a1aUnited StatesUnited StatesArgentina
Hap10062502K1a4a1a3ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10066846L1b1a3ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10071925N1b1bArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10072191N2aArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10072506R0a2aArgentinaArgentinaUnspecified
Hap10076113T2bArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10076114T2bAustraliaAustraliaArgentina
Hap10079672T2b4aArgentinaArgentinaUnspecified
Hap10082000U1a1aArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10082676U2e1a1ArgentinaArgentinaUnspecified
Hap10084533U4aArgentinaArgentinaUnspecified
Hap10090102U5a2b1aArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10090815U5b1United StatesArgentinaUnspecified
Hap10091175U5b1b1ArgentinaUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10091548U5b1b2ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10092221U5b1f1aArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10092222U5b1f1aArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
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Sources and Resources

Background

Coming soon.

Journal Articles

  • Russo, M. G., Mendisco, F., Avena, S. A., Dejean, C. B., & Seldes, V. (2016). Pre-Hispanic Mortuary Practices in Quebrada de Humahuaca (North-Western Argentina): Genetic Relatedness among Individuals Buried in the Same Grave. Annals of Human Genetics, 80(4), 210–220.
  • Sevini, F., Yao, D.Y., Lomartire, L., Barbieri, A., Vianello, D., Ferri, G., Moretti, E., Dasso, M.C., Garagnani, P., Pettener, D. and Franceschi, C. (2013). Analysis of Population Substructure in Two Sympatric Populations of Gran Chaco, Argentina. PLoS ONE, 8(5), e64054+.
  • Garcia, Angelina; Pauro, Maia; Nores, Rodrigo; Bravi, Claudio M. & Demarchi, Dario A. (2012). Phylogeography of mitochondrial haplogroup D1: An early spread of subhaplogroup D1j from Central Argentina. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149(4), 583-590.
  • Catelli, M.L., Álvarez-Iglesias, V., Gómez-Carballa, A., Mosquera-Miguel, A., Romanini, C., Borosky, A., Amigo, J., Carracedo, Á., Vullo, C. and Salas, A. (2011). The impact of modern migrations on present-day multi-ethnic Argentina as recorded on the mitochondrial DNA genome. BMC Genetics, 12(1), 1.
  • Toscanini, U.; Gusmao, L.; Berardi, G.; Amorim, A.; Carracedo, A.; Salas, A. & Raimondi, E. (2008). Y chromosome microsatellite genetic variation in two Native American populations from Argentina: Population stratification and mutation data. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2(4), 274-280.
  • Altuna, Maria E.; Modesti, Nidia M. & Demarchi, Dario A. (2006). Y-Chromosomal Evidence for a Founder Effect in Mby’a-Guaran’i Amerindians from Northeast Argentina. Human Biology, 78(5), 635-640.
  • Wilson, A.S., Brown, E.L., Villa, C., Lynnerup, N., Healey, A., Ceruti, M.C., Reinhard, J., Previgliano, C.H., Araoz, F.A., Diez, J.G. and Taylor, T. (2013). Archaeological, radiological, and biological evidence offer insight into Inca child sacrifice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(33), 13322-13327.