Argentina – A Place

Summary

Continent: The Americas

Population: 44,271,041 (2017 UN)

Literacy: 98.09%

Flag

Argentina flag

Map

Argentina map

Argentina is officially named the Argentine Republic. It is a country in South America. Located to the far south, it borders the South Atlantic Ocean. It lies between Chile and Uruguay. Other bordering countries are Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay, Uruguay.

The lands of Argentina have three major regions. There are rich plains of the Pampas in the north. In the south, is the flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia. The high Andes mountains run along the western border.

The climate in Argentina is mostly temperate. It is arid in the southeast. It is subantarctic in the southwest.

History

The first people who came to South America came from Asia. They had crossed over to North America during the last ice age via the Bering Strait. Eventually, they reached South America and what is now Argentina.

In 1515, Spanish pilot Juan Diaz de Solis arrived at the estuary of the Rio de la Plata, in which he entered first. He claimed what would become Argintina for Spain. Argentina is named after silver (‘Argentum’ in Latin). Thus, documented history of the country only started in 1535.

From its founding in 1776 until 1810, Argentina belonged to the viceroyalty of Río de la Plata. Thus, early on, the hydrographic system of the Rio de la Plata was recognized. This was after the foundation of the great city, Buenos Aires. From there, in the 16th and 17th century, some armed exploration took place.

On May 25, 1810, the so-called May revolution broke out, and Buenos Aires got a new administration. On July 9, 1816, Argentina became officially independent, but political unrest continued for decades. In 1860 Argentina gained its name. Buenos Aires became the capital.

Modern Times

The population of Argentina is now 44 million. Most of the population is historically European (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) in origin (97%). There are also Mestizo (3%), Amerindian (2.4%), African (0.4%) and other nonwhite groups.

The local religion of Argentines is Roman Catholic (92%), Protestant (2%), Jewish (2%), and other (4%).

Spanish is the most used language in Argentina. There are over forty spoken languages though. They include German, Italian, English, French, and many indigenous languages.

Genetics

This section is under development.

mtDNA

Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDHg Build 16Birth CountryMother's Birth CountryMaternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10004701H7United StatesUnited StatesArgentina
Hap10005468H1ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10006824H4a1dUnited StatesArgentinaArgentina
Hap10007643H6bArgentinaArgentinaUnspecified
Hap10008644H1e1b1ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10009923HV6ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10010525H1uArgentinaArgentinaUnspecified
Hap10010839H6a1a3United StatesUnited StatesArgentina
Hap10014575H1e4aArgentinaArgentinaUnspecified
Hap10015962H13a1aArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10016978H1bCanadaCanadaArgentina
Hap10017460H3avArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10017523H1b1ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10017619H67ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10020152H3ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10020589H1e1a6ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10021485HV10United StatesArgentinaArgentina
Hap10022397H3c2aArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10025673H40bUnited StatesArgentinaArgentina
Hap10026302H46ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10026738H1j1aUnited StatesArgentinaArgentina
Hap10028407H13a1cArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10029516H1ArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10031416H4a1United StatesArgentinaUnspecified
Hap10034653H2a5a1bArgentinaArgentinaUnspecified
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Sources and Resources

Background

Coming soon.

Journal Articles

  • Russo, M. G., Mendisco, F., Avena, S. A., Dejean, C. B., & Seldes, V. (2016). Pre-Hispanic Mortuary Practices in Quebrada de Humahuaca (North-Western Argentina): Genetic Relatedness among Individuals Buried in the Same Grave. Annals of Human Genetics, 80(4), 210–220.
  • Sevini, F., Yao, D.Y., Lomartire, L., Barbieri, A., Vianello, D., Ferri, G., Moretti, E., Dasso, M.C., Garagnani, P., Pettener, D. and Franceschi, C. (2013). Analysis of Population Substructure in Two Sympatric Populations of Gran Chaco, Argentina. PLoS ONE, 8(5), e64054+.
  • Garcia, Angelina; Pauro, Maia; Nores, Rodrigo; Bravi, Claudio M. & Demarchi, Dario A. (2012). Phylogeography of mitochondrial haplogroup D1: An early spread of subhaplogroup D1j from Central Argentina. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149(4), 583-590.
  • Catelli, M.L., Álvarez-Iglesias, V., Gómez-Carballa, A., Mosquera-Miguel, A., Romanini, C., Borosky, A., Amigo, J., Carracedo, Á., Vullo, C. and Salas, A. (2011). The impact of modern migrations on present-day multi-ethnic Argentina as recorded on the mitochondrial DNA genome. BMC Genetics, 12(1), 1.
  • Borosky, Alicia; Catelli, Laura & Vullo, Carlos (2009). Analysis of 17 STR loci in different provinces of Argentina. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 3(3), e93-e95.
  • Toscanini, U.; Gusmao, L.; Berardi, G.; Amorim, A.; Carracedo, A.; Salas, A. & Raimondi, E. (2008). Y chromosome microsatellite genetic variation in two Native American populations from Argentina: Population stratification and mutation data. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2(4), 274-280.
  • Altuna, Maria E.; Modesti, Nidia M. & Demarchi, Dario A. (2006). Y-Chromosomal Evidence for a Founder Effect in Mby’a-Guaran’i Amerindians from Northeast Argentina. Human Biology, 78(5), 635-640.
  • Wilson, A.S., Brown, E.L., Villa, C., Lynnerup, N., Healey, A., Ceruti, M.C., Reinhard, J., Previgliano, C.H., Araoz, F.A., Diez, J.G. and Taylor, T. (2013). Archaeological, radiological, and biological evidence offer insight into Inca child sacrifice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(33), 13322-13327.
  • Blanco-Verea, A.; Jaime, J. C.; Brion, M. & Carracedo, A. (2010). Y-chromosome lineages in native South American population. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 4(3), 187-193.