Argentina is officially named the Argentine Republic. It is a country in South America. Located to the far south, it borders the South Atlantic Ocean. It lies between Chile and Uruguay. Other bordering countries are Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay, Uruguay.
The lands of Argentina have three major regions. There are rich plains of the Pampas in the north. In the south, is the flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia. The high Andes mountains run along the western border.
The climate in Argentina is mostly temperate. It is arid in the southeast. It is subantarctic in the southwest.
The first people who came to South America came from Asia. They had crossed over to North America during the last ice age via the Bering Strait. Eventually, they reached South America and what is now Argentina.
In 1515, Spanish pilot Juan Diaz de Solis arrived at the estuary of the Rio de la Plata, in which he entered first. He claimed what would become Argintina for Spain. Argentina is named after silver (‘Argentum’ in Latin). Thus, documented history of the country only started in 1535.
From its founding in 1776 until 1810, Argentina belonged to the viceroyalty of Río de la Plata. Thus, early on, the hydrographic system of the Rio de la Plata was recognized. This was after the foundation of the great city, Buenos Aires. From there, in the 16th and 17th century, some armed exploration took place.
On May 25, 1810, the so-called May revolution broke out, and Buenos Aires got a new administration. On July 9, 1816, Argentina became officially independent, but political unrest continued for decades. In 1860 Argentina gained its name. Buenos Aires became the capital.
The population of Argentina is now 44 million. Most of the population is historically European (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) in origin (97%). There are also Mestizo (3%), Amerindian (2.4%), African (0.4%) and other nonwhite groups.
The local religion of Argentines is Roman Catholic (92%), Protestant (2%), Jewish (2%), and other (4%).
Spanish is the most used language in Argentina. There are over forty spoken languages though. They include German, Italian, English, French, and many indigenous languages.
This section is under development.
Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Hg Build 16||Birth Country||Mother's Birth Country||Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country|
|Hap10004701||H7||United States||United States||Argentina|
|Hap10010839||H6a1a3||United States||United States||Argentina|
Sources and Resources
- Russo, M. G., Mendisco, F., Avena, S. A., Dejean, C. B., & Seldes, V. (2016). Pre-Hispanic Mortuary Practices in Quebrada de Humahuaca (North-Western Argentina): Genetic Relatedness among Individuals Buried in the Same Grave. Annals of Human Genetics, 80(4), 210–220.
- Sevini, F., Yao, D.Y., Lomartire, L., Barbieri, A., Vianello, D., Ferri, G., Moretti, E., Dasso, M.C., Garagnani, P., Pettener, D. and Franceschi, C. (2013). Analysis of Population Substructure in Two Sympatric Populations of Gran Chaco, Argentina. PLoS ONE, 8(5), e64054+.
- Garcia, Angelina; Pauro, Maia; Nores, Rodrigo; Bravi, Claudio M. & Demarchi, Dario A. (2012). Phylogeography of mitochondrial haplogroup D1: An early spread of subhaplogroup D1j from Central Argentina. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149(4), 583-590.
- Catelli, M.L., Álvarez-Iglesias, V., Gómez-Carballa, A., Mosquera-Miguel, A., Romanini, C., Borosky, A., Amigo, J., Carracedo, Á., Vullo, C. and Salas, A. (2011). The impact of modern migrations on present-day multi-ethnic Argentina as recorded on the mitochondrial DNA genome. BMC Genetics, 12(1), 1.
- Borosky, Alicia; Catelli, Laura & Vullo, Carlos (2009). Analysis of 17 STR loci in different provinces of Argentina. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 3(3), e93-e95.
- Toscanini, U.; Gusmao, L.; Berardi, G.; Amorim, A.; Carracedo, A.; Salas, A. & Raimondi, E. (2008). Y chromosome microsatellite genetic variation in two Native American populations from Argentina: Population stratification and mutation data. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2(4), 274-280.
- Altuna, Maria E.; Modesti, Nidia M. & Demarchi, Dario A. (2006). Y-Chromosomal Evidence for a Founder Effect in Mby’a-Guaran’i Amerindians from Northeast Argentina. Human Biology, 78(5), 635-640.
- Wilson, A.S., Brown, E.L., Villa, C., Lynnerup, N., Healey, A., Ceruti, M.C., Reinhard, J., Previgliano, C.H., Araoz, F.A., Diez, J.G. and Taylor, T. (2013). Archaeological, radiological, and biological evidence offer insight into Inca child sacrifice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(33), 13322-13327.
- Blanco-Verea, A.; Jaime, J. C.; Brion, M. & Carracedo, A. (2010). Y-chromosome lineages in native South American population. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 4(3), 187-193.