Antigua and Barbuda – A Place

Summary

  • Politics
    • Name: Antigua and Barbuda
    • Capital: St. John'S
    • 2 Letter Code: AG
    • 3 Letter Code: ATG
  • Land
    • Contenent: The Americas
    • Region: Caribbean
    • Total Land: 442 (171)
    • Land: 442.6 (170.9)
    • Water: 0 (0)
  • People
    • Population: 69,108
    • Birth Rate: 16.93 per 1,000
    • Death Rate: 5.37 per 1,000
    • Infant Mortality: 19.46 per 1,000
    • Literacy: 99.00%
  • Economy
    • Agriculture: 3.8%%
    • Industry: 22%%
    • Service: 74.3%%

Flag

Antigua and Barbuda flag

Map

Antigua and Barbuda map

Antigua and Barbuda is a country in the West Indies. The West Indies are part of the Caribbean. Antigua and Barbuda is made-up of two major islands and several smaller ones.

The land is mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands. There are some higher volcanic areas. The climate is tropical maritime. There is almost no seasonal temperature variation.

History

The first early settlers of Antigua Island came as early as 2900 BCE. The next wave of settlers were the Saladoid. Then came the Arawakan speakers. Finally, the Caribs occupied and settled on the island.

In the late 15th century, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus named one of the islands he had sighted “Santa Maria de la Antigua.” The success of Columbus’ voyage paved the way for the English imperialists to come after more than a century (precisely in 1632). They colonized the Island.

Slavery was a common characteristic of the early political structure. Slaves were brought from Africa. The British Empire forced the indentured and unpaid servants, majorly agriculturalists, to build a robust economic system. It was sustained by large cultivation and production of foods including corn, sweet potatoes, cotton, guava, tobacco, etc.

Centuries after, some people migrated from different parts of the world, from Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Africa, etc., causing some sort of ethnic hierarchy that was superintended mainly by the British.

However, in the 20th century, the ‘social migration brought about the tearing apart of the British hegemony and the rise of natives to the highest strata of the region’s political power. Hence, the demand for political independence from the United Kingdom heightened. Sovereign nationhood was achieved for the state of Antigua and Barbuda finally in 1981.

Modern Times

The population the islands is now about 100 thousand. Most of the people live on Antigua while Barbuda is sparsely populated.

Over 3 quarters of the population is Protestant in some form. The largest group is Anglican. A quarter are Seventh-Day Adventists or Pentecostal. There are also Roman Catholics (10%).

The populations of Antigua & Barbuda’s are ethnically African. There is also a combination of African, European, and American Indian people. Most of the people speak English as their first language, which is an official language.

The dominant religion in Antigua and Barbuda is Christianity (77%). Oter religious groups include Islam, the Bahá’í Faith, and Rastafari.

Genetics

This section is under development.

mtDNA

Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Hg Build 16 Birth Country Mother's Birth Country Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10067266 L1c2b1c United Kingdom Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda
Hap10067770 L2a1c5 United States Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda
1

Sources and Resources

Background

Antigua and Barbuda – CIA World FactBook
Antigua and Barbuda – Wikipedia
Antigua and Barbuda History – Wikipedia

Journal Articles

Coming soon.

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