Albania – A Place

Summary

  • Politics
    • Name: Albania
    • Capital: Tirana
    • 2 Letter Code: AL
    • 3 Letter Code: ALB
  • Land
    • Contenent: Europe
    • Region: Southern Europe
    • Total Land: 28,748 (11,100)
    • Land: 27,398 (10,578)
    • Water: 1,350 (520)
  • People
    • Population: 3,581,655
    • Birth Rate: 15.11 per 1,000
    • Death Rate: 5.22 per 1,000
    • Infant Mortality: 21.52 per 1,000
    • Literacy: 97.00%
  • Economy
    • Agriculture: 23.2%%
    • Industry: 18.8%%
    • Service: 57.9%%

Flag

Albania flag

Map

Albania Map

Albania is officially the Republic of Albania. It is a country in Southern Europe. Today, nearly 3 million people call The Republic of Albania home.

In the classical times, the territory was home to tribes such as the Illyrians and Grecians. In fact, Julius Caesar used an Albanian city as a depot for his troops in the 1st century BC. This is because of its location on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. This position also made it a popular trade route for travelers.

The country was conquered by the Albanian Turks in the 15th century. Because of this, the country was cut off from Western culture for more than four centuries. However, it became an independent country in 1912. Since then, it has evolved through several governments. The current constitution dates to 28 November 1998.

Modern Albania

Albanian children
Albanian children

The official language in Albania is Albanian. Two main dialects are recognized; in the North, Tosk, and in the South, Gheg. This divide is by cause of the Shkumbin river. In addition to these, French, Italian, Greek, and English are also spoken. Outside of the country, Albanian is also spoken in Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Montenegro.

Albania now has one of the highest literacy rates at 98.7%.

Over half of the population is Muslim. This makes Islam the largest religion in the nation. However, the Albanian constitution states equality for all religions. In fact, it encourages a scientific or atheistic view of the world. The Constitution in 1976 even called for non-religion, and imposed prison sentences for religious propaganda.

Ethnic groups in Albania

Besides ethnic Albanians, Albania is the home of many different cultures. These include Greeks, Vlach, Romani, Macedonians, Montenegrins, and Egyptians.

Genetics

This section is under development.

mtDNA

Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Hg Build 16 Birth Country Mother's Birth Country Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10001845 H7 United States United States Albania
Hap10004027 H5a2 United States United States Albania
Hap10008979 H34 United States Albania Albania
Hap10014378 H12 Albania Albania Albania
Hap10017942 H5a Albania Albania Albania
Hap10028158 H24a1 Albania Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040791 H7i United States United States Albania
Hap10049919 J1 Albania Albania Albania
Hap10060044 K1a1b1a United Kingdom United States Albania
Hap10091052 U5b1b1 Albania Albania Albania
Hap10101173 X2e United States Albania Albania
1

Sources and Resources

Background

Albania – CIA World Factbook
Albania – Encyclopedia Britannica
Languages in Albania – World Atlas

Genealogy

Eastern Europe – Cyndi’s List

Albania – Questions & Answers

No questions have been submitted yet for Albania. Please send your questions to hmtdna@gmail.com for consideration.

Author: Amanda C.

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