//The Republic of Albania – A Place
The Republic of Albania – A Place 2018-04-12T13:42:49+00:00

The Republic of Albania – A Place

Summary

Albania flag

Continent: Europe

Founded: 28 November 1998

Population: 2,821,977 (2011 census)

Literacy: 98.7%

Today, nearly 2.8 million people call The Republic of Albania home.

In the classical times, the territory was home to tribes such as the Illyrians and Grecians. In fact, Julius Caesar used an Albanian city as a depot for his troops in the 1st century BC. This is because of its location on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. This position also made it a popular trade route for travelers.

The country was conquered by the Albanian Turks in the 15th century. Because of this, the country was cut off from Western culture for more than four centuries. However, it became an independent country in 1912. Since then, it has evolved through several governments. The current constitution dates to 28 November 1998.

Modern Albania

Albanian children

Albanian children

The official language in Albania is Albanian. Two main dialects are recognized; in the North, Tosk, and in the South, Gheg. This divide is by cause of the Shkumbin river. In addition to these, French, Italian, Greek, and English are also spoken. Outside of the country, Albanian is also spoken in Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Montenegro.

Albania now has one of the highest literacy rates at 98.7%.

Over half of the population is Muslim. This makes Islam the largest religion in the nation. However, the Albanian constitution states equality for all religions. In fact, it encourages a scientific or atheistic view of the world. The Constitution in 1976 even called for non-religion, and imposed prison sentences for religious propaganda.

Ethnic groups in Albania

Besides ethnic Albanians, Albania is the home of many different cultures. These include Greeks, Vlach, Romani, Macedonians, Montenegrins, and Egyptians.

Sources and Resources

Background

Albania – CIA World Factbook
Albania – Encyclopedia Britannica
Languages in Albania – World Atlas

Genealogy

Eastern Europe – Cyndi's List

Albania – Questions & Answers

No questions have been submitted yet for Albania. Please send your questions to hmtdna@gmail.com for consideration.

Author: Amanda C.