Albanian children

Albania – A Place


  • Politics
    • Name: Albania
    • Capital: Tirana
    • 2 Letter Code: AL
    • 3 Letter Code: ALB
  • Land
    • Contenent: Europe
    • Region: Southern Europe
    • Total Land: 28,748 (11,100)
    • Land: 27,398 (10,578)
    • Water: 1,350 (520)
  • People
    • Population: 3,581,655
    • Birth Rate: 15.11 per 1,000
    • Death Rate: 5.22 per 1,000
    • Infant Mortality: 21.52 per 1,000
    • Literacy: 97.00%
  • Economy
    • Agriculture: 23.2%%
    • Industry: 18.8%%
    • Service: 57.9%%


Albania flag


Albania Map

Albania is officially the Republic of Albania. It is a country in Southern Europe. Today, nearly 3 million people call The Republic of Albania home.

In the classical times, the territory was home to tribes such as the Illyrians and Grecians. In fact, Julius Caesar used an Albanian city as a depot for his troops in the 1st century BC. This is because of its location on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. This position also made it a popular trade route for travelers.

The country was conquered by the Albanian Turks in the 15th century. Because of this, the country was cut off from Western culture for more than four centuries. However, it became an independent country in 1912. Since then, it has evolved through several governments. The current constitution dates to 28 November 1998.

Modern Albania

Albanian children
Albanian children

The official language in Albania is Albanian. Two main dialects are recognized; in the North, Tosk, and in the South, Gheg. This divide is by cause of the Shkumbin river. In addition to these, French, Italian, Greek, and English are also spoken. Outside of the country, Albanian is also spoken in Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Montenegro.

Albania now has one of the highest literacy rates at 98.7%.

Over half of the population is Muslim. This makes Islam the largest religion in the nation. However, the Albanian constitution states equality for all religions. In fact, it encourages a scientific or atheistic view of the world. The Constitution in 1976 even called for non-religion, and imposed prison sentences for religious propaganda.

Ethnic groups in Albania

Besides ethnic Albanians, Albania is the home of many different cultures. These include Greeks, Vlach, Romani, Macedonians, Montenegrins, and Egyptians.


This section is under development.


Genographic ProjectGeno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDHg Build 16Birth CountryMother's Birth CountryMaternal Grandmother's Birth Country
Hap10001845H7United StatesUnited StatesAlbania
Hap10004027H5a2United StatesUnited StatesAlbania
Hap10008979H34United StatesAlbaniaAlbania
Hap10040791H7iUnited StatesUnited StatesAlbania
Hap10060044K1a1b1aUnited KingdomUnited StatesAlbania
Hap10101173X2eUnited StatesAlbaniaAlbania

Sources and Resources


Albania – CIA World Factbook
Albania – Encyclopedia Britannica
Languages in Albania – World Atlas


Eastern Europe – Cyndi’s List

Albania – Questions & Answers

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Author: Amanda C.