In this study, we genotyped 89 new highly informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 305 individuals with Haplogroup O2a1c-002611 identified from 2139 Han Chinese males.
We collected blood samples from 10 Tibetan and 10 Han Chinese individuals from Gansu province and genotyped about 600,000 genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs).
Analysis of ∼200 contemporary populations showed that Tibetans share ancestry with populations from East Asia (∼82%), Central Asia and Siberia (∼11%), South Asia (∼6%), and western Eurasia and Oceania (∼1%).
Haplogroup A15 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.
Haplogroup A17 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Its age has not been determined, but its likely origin is in Asia.
Haplogroup A22 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.
An updated tree of Y-chromosome Haplogroup O and revised phylogenetic positions of mutations P164 and PK4
Y-chromosome Haplogroup O is the dominant lineage of East Asians, comprising more than a quarter of all males on the world; however, its internal phylogeny remains insufficiently investigated. In this study, we determined the phylogenetic position of recently defined markers (L127, KL1, KL2, P164, and PK4) in the background of Haplogroup O.