Age: 77,142.7 ± 7,524.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Africa
Variants: G709A G3918A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L4
Descendant branch(s): L4b1 L4b2

YFull Info

Name: L4b

Age: 76700 to 53200 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: -

Variants: G709A G3918A

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup L4b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 69,600 and 84,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: L4b
Age: About 78,000 Years Ago
Origin: East Africa
Blurb: This lineage was born in East Africa. Women from this lineage have migrated to the north and west across Africa.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup L4b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 L4b 3918 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L4b 3918 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L4b 3918 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L4b 3918 Released 10 May 2009
05 L4b 3918 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L4b 3918 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L4b 513 709 3918 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L4b 513 709 3918 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L4b 513 709 3918 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L4b 513 709 3918 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L4b 152 709 3918 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L4b 152 709 3918 Released 20 Jul 2011
14 L4b G709A G3918A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L4b G709A G3918A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L4b G709A G3918A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L4b G709A G3918A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L4b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10069817 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 24, 2018 at 15:40 pm

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