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Age: 78,996.2 ± 7,353.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Africa
Mutations: T195C! G5460A T16362C
Parent Branch: L3'4
Descendant branch(s): L4a L4b


Haplogroup L4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 71,600 and 86,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).


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Ancient DNA

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National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: L4
Age: About 80,000 Years Ago
Origin: East Africa
Blurb: This branch was born in East Africa around 80,000 years ago. Over time, groups containing women from this lineage have migrated to the north and across to the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup L4 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L416362Released 27 Aug 2008
02L416362Released 14 Oct 2008
03L416362Released 1 Mar 2009
04L416362Released 10 May 2009
05L416362Released 8 Jul 2009
06L416362Released 28 Sep 2009
07L45460 16362Released 10 Nov 2009
08L45460 16362Released 21 Mar 2010
09L45460 16362Released 20 Jun 2010
10L45460 16362Released 10 Aug 2010
11L4195 5460 16362Released 7 Feb 2011
12L4195 5460 16362Released 20 Jul 2011
13L4195 5460 16362Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L4T195C! G5460A T16362CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L4T195C! G5460A T16362CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L4T195C! G5460A T16362CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L4T195C! G5460A T16362CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 4, 2018 at 20:46 pm

2018-10-04T20:46:03+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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