Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.

X2b4a

Summary

Age: 4,521.0 ± 2,509.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G8592A
Parent Branch: X2b4
Descendant branch(s): X2b4a1

Background

Haplogroup X2b4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 7,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2b4a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
08X2b4a8592Released 21 Mar 2010
09X2b4a8592Released 20 Jun 2010
10X2b4a8592Released 10 Aug 2010
11X2b4a8592Released 7 Feb 2011
12X2b4a8592Released 20 Jul 2011
13X2b4a8592Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14X2b4aG8592AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15X2b4aG8592AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16X2b4aG8592AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17X2b4aG8592AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2b4a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004816Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 5375, 5640, 16271
Hap5007629Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016X2b4a:16129X2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 5553, 14193, 16183C
Hap5013545Raule et al., 2014X2b4a:153X2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3624, 5375, 15355
Hap5014257Shlush et al., 2008noneX2b4a:315.1C, 9017, 12465, 16126, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10100627CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10100628CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10100629DenmarkDenmarkDenmarkDenmark
Hap10100630FinlandFinlandFinlandFinland
Hap10100631United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100632United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100633United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100634United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100635United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100636United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100637United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100638FinlandFinlandUnspecifiedFinland
Hap10100639United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100640United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100641United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100642UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100643UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100644UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100645UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100646UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100647UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100648UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100649UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100650UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100651UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100652UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100653UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|