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X2

Summary

Age: 19,233.8 ± 2,640.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T195C! G1719A
Parent Branch: X
Descendant branch(s): X2a X2a'j X2b X2b'd X2c X2d X2e X2f X2g X2h X2i X2j X2k X2l X2m X2m'n X2n X2o X2p

Background

Haplogroup X2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 16,600 and 21,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

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Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01X2195 1719Released 27 Aug 2008
02X2195 1719Released 14 Oct 2008
03X2195 (225) 1719Released 1 Mar 2009
04X2195 (225) 1719Released 10 May 2009
05X2195 (225) 1719Released 8 Jul 2009
06X2195 (225) 1719Released 28 Sep 2009
07X2195 (225) 1719Released 10 Nov 2009
08X2195 (225) 1719Released 21 Mar 2010
09X2195 1719Released 20 Jun 2010
10X2195 1719Released 10 Aug 2010
11X2195 1719Released 7 Feb 2011
12X2195 1719Released 20 Jul 2011
13X2195 1719Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14X2T195C! G1719AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15X2T195C! G1719AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16X2T195C! G1719AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17X2T195C! G1719AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007509Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016X2:152X2:315.1C, 3615, 5435, 11524, 16182C, 16183C, 16201
Hap5008701Fernandes et al., 2012noneX2:198, 249d, 315.1C, 794, 6635, 7205, 9078, 12447, 13884T, 14178, 15119, 16183C, 16261
Hap5008702Fernandes et al., 2012noneX2:198, 249d, 315.1C, 794, 6635, 7205, 9078, 12447, 13884T, 14178, 15119, 16183C, 16261
Hap5009548Herrnstadt et al., 2002X2:146, 152, 153, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311X2:1-576d, 4884, 5024, 6956, 9692, 9986, 10775, 13020, 15734, 16024-16569d
Hap5009606Herrnstadt et al., 2002X2:146, 152, 153, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311X2:1-576d, 8705, 16024-16569d
Hap5009627Herrnstadt et al., 2002X2:146, 152, 153, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311X2:1-576d, 8705, 16024-16569d
Hap5009682Herrnstadt et al., 2002X2:146, 152, 153, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311X2:1-576d, 8616, 16024-16569d
Hap5009901Herrnstadt et al., 2002X2:146, 152, 153, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311X2:1-576d, 8705, 15313, 16024-16569d
Hap5013940Schönberg et al., 2011noneX2:310, 489G, 3489, 5483, 14319, 16172
Hap5016306Costa et al., 2009noneX2:315.1C, 1822, 8281-8289d, 8908, 16131, 16183d, 16223, 16278
Hap5020860Derenko et al., 2013X2:153X2:189, 315.1C, 9647, 16256

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10099927ArgentinaArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10099928RussiaArmeniaArmeniaArmenia
Hap10099929CroatiaCroatiaCroatiaCroatia
Hap10099930PolandPolandGermanyGermany
Hap10099931United StatesUnspecifiedGermanyGermany
Hap10099932ArmeniaArmeniaIranIran
Hap10099933ItalyItalyItalyItaly
Hap10099934ItalyItalyItalyItaly
Hap10099935United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10099936United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10099937United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10099938United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10099939United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10099940United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10099941United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10099942LebanonLebanonLebanonLebanon
Hap10099943AustraliaNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10099944United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10099945SloveniaSloveniaSloveniaSlovenia
Hap10099946SwedenSwedenSwedenSweden
Hap10099947GermanyTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10099948United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099949United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099950United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099951United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099952United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099953United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099954United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099955United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099956United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099957United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099958United StatesDenmarkUnspecifiedDenmark
Hap10099959United StatesFranceUnspecifiedFrance
Hap10099960United StatesGreeceUnspecifiedGreece
Hap10099961United StatesItalyUnspecifiedItaly
Hap10099962RussiaUkraineUnspecifiedUkraine
Hap10099963United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099964United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099965United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099966United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099967United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099968United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099969United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099970Saudi ArabiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedSaudi Arabia
Hap10099971Saudi ArabiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedSaudi Arabia
Hap10099972TurkeyUnspecifiedUnspecifiedTurkey
Hap10099973United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099974UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099975UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099976UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099977UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099978UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099979UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099980UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099981UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099982UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099983UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099984UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099985UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099986UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099987UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099988UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099989UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099990UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099991UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099992UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099993UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099994UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099995UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099996UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099997UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099998UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10099999UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100000UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100001UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100002UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100003UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100004UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100005UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100006UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100007UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100008UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100009UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100010UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100011UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100012UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100013UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100014UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100015UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100016UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100017UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100018UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100019UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100020UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100021UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100022UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100023UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100024UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100025UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100026UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100027UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100028PanamaUnited StatesVenezuelaVenezuela

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|