#ededed; border-top:3px solid ;">


Age: 9,629.9 ± 4,940.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A235G C16292T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: X2m
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: X2m1
Age: 22700 to 11500 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: -
 Variants: A235G C16292T

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup X2m1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,700 and 14,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2m1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
14 X2m1 A235G C16292T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2m1 A235G C16292T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2m1 A235G C16292T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2m1 A235G C16292T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2m1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007396 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 X2m1 - none X2m1:315.1C, 4342, 14971
Hap5007491 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 X2m1 - X2m1:226 X2m1:315.1C, 3666, 7389, 10227, 15930, 16192
Hap5012741 Italy Raule et al., 2014 X2m1 X2m1 X2m1:16311 X2m1:315.1C, 10978, 16192

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated:


Leave a Reply

Only people in my network can comment.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline