Age: 13,967.9 ± 6,602.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A257G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: X2
Descendant branch(s): X2f1


Haplogroup X2f is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,400 and 20,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2f Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01X2f257Released 27 Aug 2008
02X2f257Released 14 Oct 2008
03X2f257Released 1 Mar 2009
04X2f257Released 10 May 2009
05X2f257Released 8 Jul 2009
06X2f257Released 28 Sep 2009
07X2f257Released 10 Nov 2009
08X2f257Released 21 Mar 2010
09X2f257Released 20 Jun 2010
10X2f257Released 10 Aug 2010
11X2f257Released 7 Feb 2011
12X2f257Released 20 Jul 2011
13X2f257Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14X2fA257GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15X2fA257GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16X2fA257GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17X2fA257GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2f Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008688Fernandes et al., 2012noneX2f:315.1C, 16183C, 16239, 16298, 16318
Hap5008700Fernandes et al., 2012X2f:10398, 16311X2f:315.1C, 2392, 10849, 16183C
Hap5013897Schönberg et al., 2011X2f:10398, 16311X2f:310, 2392, 4774N, 11852, 14560, 16183C
Hap5014259Shlush et al., 2008noneX2f:315.1C, 13488, 16126
Hap5021010Derenko et al., 2013X2f:153X2f:315.1C, 10004.1T
Hap5021047Derenko et al., 2013noneX2f:315.1C
Hap5023682Reidla et al., 2003noneX2f:315.1C, 7792, 16104

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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