Age: 6,051.9 ± 5,150.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A3948G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: X2e2
Descendant branch(s): X2e2a1 X2e2a2

YFull Info

Name: -

Age: -

Expansion: -

Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup X2e2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 900 and 11,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2e2a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
05 X2e2a 3948 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2e2a 3948 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2e2a 3948 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2e2a 3948 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2e2a 3948 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2e2a 3948 Released 10 Aug 2010
14 X2e2a A3948G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2e2a A3948G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2e2a A3948G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2e2a A3948G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2e2a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007712 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 X2e2a - none X2e2a:200, 225, 315.1C, 3591, 16183C
Hap5008707 Russia Fernandes et al., 2012 X2e2a X2e2a* none X2e2a:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16183C
Hap5008741 Yemen Fernandes et al., 2012 X2e2a X2e2a2 X2e2a:146, 152 X2e2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 7775, 8856, 16183C, 16325
Hap5008749 Yemen Fernandes et al., 2012 X2e2a X2e2a2 X2e2a:152 X2e2a:315.1C, 8856, 16183C
Hap5014260 Shlush et al., 2008 X2e2a X2e2a* X2e2a:16311 X2e2a:10, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10101235 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Hap10101236 United States Italy Italy Italy
Hap10101237 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10101238 United States United States Switzerland Switzerland
Hap10101239 United States Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10101240 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101241 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101242 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101243 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10101244 Hungary Hungary Unspecified Hungary
Hap10101245 United States Ukraine Unspecified Ukraine
Hap10101246 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101247 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101248 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101249 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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