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Age: 9,748.2 ± 5,150.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A225G! C12084T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: X2e
Descendant branch(s): X2e2a X2e2b X2e2c


Haplogroup X2e2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,600 and 14,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2e2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

03X2e212084Released 1 Mar 2009
04X2e212084Released 10 May 2009
05X2e212084Released 8 Jul 2009
06X2e212084Released 28 Sep 2009
07X2e212084Released 10 Nov 2009
08X2e212084Released 21 Mar 2010
09X2e2225! 12084Released 20 Jun 2010
10X2e2225! 12084Released 10 Aug 2010
11X2e23948 12084Released 7 Feb 2011
13X2e23948 12084Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14X2e2C12084TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15X2e2A225G! C12084TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16X2e2A225G! C12084TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17X2e2A225G! C12084TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2e2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5012966Raule et al., 2014noneX2e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 709, 10523, 10687G, 16093, 16183C
Hap5021034Derenko et al., 2013X2e2:153X2e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 2232.1A, 8406, 9046, 13306, 14025, 14861, 16316
Hap5021037Derenko et al., 2013X2e2:153X2e2:207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 503, 2232.1A, 8406, 13781, 14025, 14861, 16316, 16368
Hap5021049Derenko et al., 2013X2e2:153X2e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 2232.1A, 8406, 14025, 14861, 16316
Hap5021168Derenko et al., 2013X2e2:153X2e2:207, 315.1C, 503, 2232.1A, 8406, 13781, 14025, 14861, 16316, 16368
Hap5023681Reidla et al., 2003X2e2:153X2e2:315.1C, 10924, 11080, 14861, 16316

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10101222Czech RepublicCzech RepublicCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10101224United KingdomIranIranIran
Hap10101225United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10101226United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|