Age: 10,665.1 ± 6,838.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C16189a
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: X2e
Descendant branch(s): X2e1a X2e1b

YFull Info

Name: X2e1
Age: 26200 to 15100 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: -
 Variants: C16189A

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup X2e1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,800 and 17,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2e1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 X2e1 16189A Released 27 Aug 2008
02 X2e1 16189A Released 14 Oct 2008
03 X2e1 16189A Released 1 Mar 2009
04 X2e1 16189A Released 10 May 2009
05 X2e1 16189A Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2e1 16189A Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2e1 16189A Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2e1 16189A Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2e1 16189A Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2e1 16189A Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2e1 16189A Released 7 Feb 2011
13 X2e1 16189A Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2e1 C16189a Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2e1 C16189a Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2e1 C16189a Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2e1 C16189a Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2e1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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