X2c

Summary

Age: 9,505.0 ± 4,232.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A227G G16255A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: X2
Descendant branch(s): X2c1 X2c2

YFull Info

Name: X2c
Age: 25300 to 19900 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: -
 Variants: A227G G16255A

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup X2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,300 and 13,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 X2c 227 8705 16255 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 X2c 227 8705 16255 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 X2c 227 16255 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 X2c 227 16255 Released 10 May 2009
05 X2c 227 16255 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2c 227 16255 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2c 227 16255 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2c 227 16255 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2c 227 16255 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2c 227 16255 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2c 227 16255 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X2c 227 16255 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X2c 227 16255 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2c A227G G16255A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2c A227G G16255A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2c A227G G16255A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2c A227G G16255A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004513 Behar et al., 2012b X2c X2c2b X2c:16187 X2c:309.1C, 315.1C, 11878, 12530, 15314, 16186.1CC, 16234
Hap5009008 Fraumene et al., 2006 X2c X2c* none X2c:13807
Hap5009014 Fraumene et al., 2006 X2c X2c2* none X2c:13807, 15314
Hap5013905 Schönberg et al., 2011 X2c X2c X2c:6221, 6371 X2c:310, 4774N, 6221N, 6371N, 7792N, 8705N, 9560, 11467N, 14047N, 16183C

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

   

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

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