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X2c

Summary

Age: 9,505.0 ± 4,232.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A227G G16255A
Parent Branch: X2
Descendant branch(s): X2c1 X2c2

Background

Haplogroup X2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,300 and 13,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01X2c227 8705 16255Released 27 Aug 2008
02X2c227 8705 16255Released 14 Oct 2008
03X2c227 16255Released 1 Mar 2009
04X2c227 16255Released 10 May 2009
05X2c227 16255Released 8 Jul 2009
06X2c227 16255Released 28 Sep 2009
07X2c227 16255Released 10 Nov 2009
08X2c227 16255Released 21 Mar 2010
09X2c227 16255Released 20 Jun 2010
10X2c227 16255Released 10 Aug 2010
11X2c227 16255Released 7 Feb 2011
12X2c227 16255Released 20 Jul 2011
13X2c227 16255Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14X2cA227G G16255AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15X2cA227G G16255AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16X2cA227G G16255AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17X2cA227G G16255AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

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Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004513Behar et al., 2012bX2c:16187X2c:309.1C, 315.1C, 11878, 12530, 15314, 16186.1CC, 16234
Hap5009008Fraumene et al., 2006noneX2c:13807
Hap5009014Fraumene et al., 2006noneX2c:13807, 15314
Hap5013905Schönberg et al., 2011X2c:6221, 6371X2c:310, 4774N, 6221N, 6371N, 7792N, 8705N, 9560, 11467N, 14047N, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10100790BelgiumBelgiumBelgiumBelgium
Hap10100791United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10100792IranIranIranIran
Hap10100793CanadaItalyItalyItaly
Hap10100794United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10100795New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10100796NetherlandsSpainSpainSpain
Hap10100797SpainSpainSpainSpain
Hap10100798SpainSpainSpainSpain
Hap10100799TurkeyTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10100800United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10100801United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100802United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100803United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100804United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100805United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100806United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100807United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100808United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100809United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100810United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100811United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100812United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100813United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100814United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100815United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100816United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100817CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10100818United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100819United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100820United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100821United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100822MexicoUnspecifiedUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10100823United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100824UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100825UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100826UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100827UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100828UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100829UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100830UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100831UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100832UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100833UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100834UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100835UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100836UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100837UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100838UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100839UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100840UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100841UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100842UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100843UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100844UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100845UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100846UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100847UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100848UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100849UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100850UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100851UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100852UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100853UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100854UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100855UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100856UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100857UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100858UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100859UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100860UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100861UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100862UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100863UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100864UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100865UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100866UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100867UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100868UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100869UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100870UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100871UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100872UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100873UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100874UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|