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X2d

Summary

Age: 10,870.2 ± 3,497.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G153A! A225G! A6791G T8503C
Parent Branch: X2b'd
Descendant branch(s): X2d1 X2d2

Background

Haplogroup X2d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,400 and 14,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2d Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

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Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01X2d6791 8503 13708Released 27 Aug 2008
02X2d6791 8503 13708Released 14 Oct 2008
03X2d6791 8503 13708Released 1 Mar 2009
04X2d6791 8503 13708Released 10 May 2009
05X2d6791 8503 13708Released 8 Jul 2009
06X2d6791 8503 13708Released 28 Sep 2009
07X2d6791 8503 13708Released 10 Nov 2009
08X2d6791 8503 13708Released 21 Mar 2010
09X2d153! 204 207 225! 5186 6791 8503 11878Released 20 Jun 2010
10X2d153! 204 207 225! 5186 6791 8503 11878Released 10 Aug 2010
11X2d153! 225! 6791 8503Released 7 Feb 2011
12X2d153! 225! 6791 8503Released 20 Jul 2011
13X2d153! 225! 6791 8503Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14X2dG153A! A225G! A6791G T8503CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15X2dG153A! A225G! A6791G T8503CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16X2dG153A! A225G! A6791G T8503CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17X2dG153A! A225G! A6791G T8503CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005153Behar et al., 2012bX2d:152X2d:315.1C, 3645, 8718, 11361, 16183C, 16298

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10101125Bosnia and HerzegovinaSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegro
Hap10101126CanadaUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10101127United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10101128United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101129United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101130United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101131United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101132United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101133United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101134United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101135RomaniaRomaniaUnspecifiedRomania
Hap10101136United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10101137UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101138UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101139UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101140UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101141UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101142UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101143UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101144UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101145UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101146UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101147UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101148UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101149UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10101150UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: August 28, 2018 at 16:34 pm

2018-08-28T16:34:40+00:00June 6th, 2016|