X2b

Summary

Age: 9,675.9 ± 2,466.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C8393T G15927A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: X2b’d
Descendant branch(s): X2b1 X2b10 X2b2 X2b3 X2b4 X2b5 X2b6 X2b7 X2b8 X2b9

YFull Info

Name: X2b

Age: 27400 to 14300 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: -

Variants: C8393T G15927A

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Background

Haplogroup X2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,200 and 12,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X2b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 X2b 226 8393 13708 15927 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 X2b 226 8393 13708 15927 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 X2b 8393 13708 15927 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 X2b 8393 13708 15927 Released 10 May 2009
05 X2b 8393 13708 15927 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2b 8393 13708 15927 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2b 8393 13708 15927 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2b 8393 13708 15927 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2b 8393 15927 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2b 8393 15927 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2b 8393 15927 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X2b 8393 15927 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X2b 8393 15927 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2b C8393T G15927A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2b C8393T G15927A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2b C8393T G15927A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2b C8393T G15927A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X2b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002246 Behar et al., 2012b X2b X2b* X2b:225 X2b:315.1C, 513, 9083, 16092, 16179, 16183C
Hap5005444 Bertolin et al., 2011 X2b X2b11 none X2b:189, 220N, 304N, 305N, 308N, 309N, 313N, 5504N, 7333N, 7334N, 7335N, 8061N, 8910, 9909N, 9910N, 11379N, 12700N, 12701N, 12703N, 13587N, 13756N, 16182C, 16183C, 16544N
Hap5005447 Bertolin et al., 2011 X2b X2b11 none X2b:105-110d, 189, 220N, 309-315d, 2707N, 3485N, 5897N, 6846N, 6847N, 7333N, 7334N, 7335N, 7817N, 7819N, 8058N, 8061N, 8910, 9908N, 9909N, 9910N, 9913N, 9914N, 13587N, 13756N, 15003N, 15222N, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5007420 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 X2b - none X2b:315.1C, 13889
Hap5007427 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 X2b - none X2b:315.1C, 1462
Hap5008763 Morocco Fernandes et al., 2012 X2b X2b* X2b:152, 10398 X2b:150, 235, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6509, 10238, 16173, 16183C, 16519
Hap5009574 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 X2b X2b X2b:146, 152, 153, 225, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311 X2b:1-576d, 14428, 15498C, 16024-16569d
Hap5009614 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 X2b X2b X2b:146, 152, 153, 225, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311 X2b:1-576d, 6290, 8158, 14323, 16024-16569d
Hap5009760 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 X2b X2b X2b:146, 152, 153, 225, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311 X2b:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5009830 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 X2b X2b X2b:146, 152, 153, 225, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311 X2b:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5017902 X2b X2b* X2b:225 X2b:315.1C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10100070 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10100071 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10100072 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10100073 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10100074 Canada Canada British Territories British Territories
Hap10100075 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100076 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100077 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100078 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100079 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100080 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100081 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100082 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100083 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100084 France France France France
Hap10100085 France France France France
Hap10100086 France Germany France France
Hap10100087 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10100088 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10100089 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10100090 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10100091 United States United States Hungary Hungary
Hap10100092 Canada Canada India India
Hap10100093 Ireland Ireland Ireland Ireland
Hap10100094 United Kingdom United Kingdom Ireland Ireland

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: August 28, 2018 at 16:32 pm

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