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Age: 8,091.8 ± 6,042.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G3531A C13785T T13879C G14560A T15672C
Parent Branch: X1'3
Descendant branch(s): X3a


Haplogroup X3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 14,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup X3 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01X1b256 3531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 27 Aug 2008
02X1b256 3531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 14 Oct 2008
03X1b3531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 1 Mar 2009
04X1b3531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 10 May 2009
05X1b3531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 8 Jul 2009
06X1b3531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 28 Sep 2009
07X1b3531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 10 Nov 2009
08X1b3531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 21 Mar 2010
09X1b3531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 20 Jun 2010
10X1b3531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 10 Aug 2010
11X33531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 7 Feb 2011
12X33531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 20 Jul 2011
13X33531 13785 13879 14560 15672Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14X3G3531A C13785T T13879C G14560A T15672CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15X3G3531A C13785T T13879C G14560A T15672CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16X3G3531A C13785T T13879C G14560A T15672CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17X3G3531A C13785T T13879C G14560A T15672CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup X3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5015852Pereira et al., ‎2007noneX3:309.1C, 315.1C, 10084, 16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10101381United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10101382United StatesUnited StatesSloveniaSlovenia
Hap10101383United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101384United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101385United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101386United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 28, 2018 at 17:11 pm

2018-08-28T17:11:21+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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