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Age: 2,281.4 ± 1,681.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C4059T
Parent Branch: U5b1b1a
Descendant branch(s): U5b1b1a1a U5b1b1a1b


Haplogroup U5b1b1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 600 and 4,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b1b1a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05U5b1b1a14059Released 8 Jul 2009
06U5b1b1a14059Released 28 Sep 2009
07U5b1b1a14059Released 10 Nov 2009
08U5b1b1a14059Released 21 Mar 2010
09U5b1b1a14059Released 20 Jun 2010
10U5b1b1a14059Released 10 Aug 2010
11U5b1b1a14059Released 7 Feb 2011
12U5b1b1a14059Released 20 Jul 2011
13U5b1b1a14059Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5b1b1a1C4059TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
16U5b1b1a1C4059TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U5b1b1a1C4059TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b1b1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000088Achilli et al., 2005noneU5b1b1a1:315.1C, 3395, 16519
Hap5002958Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5b1b1a1:315.1C, 8428A, 16183C, 16519
Hap5008897Finnilä et al., 2001U5b1b1a1:7385U5b1b1a1:315.1C, 16519
Hap5008898Finnilä et al., 2001U5b1b1a1:7385, 16129U5b1b1a1:315.1C, 16519
Hap5010021Ingman et al., 2000noneU5b1b1a1:315.1C, 16519
Hap5010030Ingman et al., 2000noneU5b1b1a1:315.1C, 16519
Hap5012960Raule et al., 2014noneU5b1b1a1:315.1C, 8428A, 9500G, 11253, 16519
Hap5023604Zheng et al., 2012U5b1b1a1:146U5b1b1a1:315.1C, 8428A, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|