Age: 4,331.0 ± 3,671.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C15781T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5b3a1
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: U5b3a1b

Age: 13600 to 6100 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: 16200 to 1200 ybp [95% CI]

Variants: C15781T

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup U5b3a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 700 and 8,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b3a1b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
05 U5b3a1b 15781 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U5b3a1b 15781 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U5b3a1b 15781 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U5b3a1b 15781 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U5b3a1b 15781 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U5b3a1b 15781 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U5b3a1b 15781 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U5b3a1b 15781 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U5b3a1b 15781 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U5b3a1b C15781T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U5b3a1b C15781T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U5b3a1b C15781T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U5b3a1b C15781T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b3a1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5016685 France Pala et al., 2009 U5b3a1b U5b3a1b none U5b3a1b:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5016686 United States Pala et al., 2009 U5b3a1b U5b3a1b none U5b3a1b:315.1C, 3513, 12501, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10094113 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10094114 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10094115 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10094116 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10094117 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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