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Age: 4,015.9 ± 3,898.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C6920a A13434G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5b2c
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U5b2c1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 100 and 7,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2c1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
11 U5b2c1 185 6920A 13434 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U5b2c1 185 6920A 13434 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U5b2c1 185 6920A 13434 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U5b2c1 G185A C6920a A13434G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U5b2c1 C6920a A13434G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U5b2c1 C6920a A13434G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U5b2c1 C6920a A13434G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2c1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001764 Behar et al., 2012b none U5b2c1:185, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5001826 Behar et al., 2012b U5b2c1:152 U5b2c1:185, 189, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5003412 Behar et al., 2012b none U5b2c1:185, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2708, 11491, 16145, 16519
Hap5007641 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U5b2c1:16270 U5b2c1:185, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5007872 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U5b2c1:152 U5b2c1:185, 189, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5009789 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 U5b2c1:146, 150, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16192, 16223, 16230, 16270, 16278, 16311 U5b2c1:1-576d, 5351, 6023, 9333, 9869, 15314, 16024-16569d
Hap5019239 Sánchez-Quinto et al. 2012 none U5b2c1:315.1C, 16069, 16126, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10093840United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10093842United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10093843United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10093844United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093845United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093846United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093847United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10093848United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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