Age: 5,527.6 ± 4,618.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A3397G G13368A T14767C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5b2a
Descendant branch(s): U5b2a4a

YFull Info

Name: U5b2a4

Age: 18400 to 9700 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: 12900 to 4000 ybp [95% CI]

Variants: A3397G G13368A T14767C

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup U5b2a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 900 and 10,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2a4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
14 U5b2a4 A3397G G13368A T14767C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U5b2a4 A3397G G13368A T14767C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U5b2a4 A3397G G13368A T14767C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U5b2a4 A3397G G13368A T14767C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2a4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004695 Behar et al., 2012b U5b2a4 U5b2a4* none U5b2a4:315.1C, 10769, 16266, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10093151 Sweden Sweden Sweden Sweden

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline