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Age: 8,522.6 ± 5,528.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T10031C
Parent Branch: U5b2a
Descendant branch(s): U5b2a3a


Haplogroup U5b2a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,000 and 14,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2a3 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

09U5b2a310031Released 20 Jun 2010
10U5b2a310031Released 10 Aug 2010
11U5b2a310031Released 7 Feb 2011
12U5b2a310031Released 20 Jul 2011
13U5b2a310031Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5b2a3T10031CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5b2a3T10031CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U5b2a3T10031CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U5b2a3T10031CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2a3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002173Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5b2a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 3744, 16093Y, 16319, 16519
Hap5007157Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5b2a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 1438, 3338, 16240, 16519
Hap5007337Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5b2a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 3744, 16093, 16319, 16519
Hap5012842Raule et al., 2014noneU5b2a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 6899, 16519
Hap5023631Zheng et al., 2012noneU5b2a3:2370, 6899, 8772, 15519, 16304, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10093111United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10093112United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10093114United StatesIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10093115United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10093118United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10093119United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10093120United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093121United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093122United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093123United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093124United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093125United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093126United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093127United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093128United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093129United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10093130United StatesGermanyUnspecifiedGermany
Hap10093131United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10093132UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10093133United KingdomUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10093134United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10093135United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10093136United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|