Age: 2,265.6 ± 2,503.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T1834C C5452T T8705C A15924G T16192C!
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5b2a1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U5b2a1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,800 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2a1a2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

09U5b2a1a21834 5452 8705 15924 16192!Released 20 Jun 2010
10U5b2a1a21834 5452 8705 15924 16192!Released 10 Aug 2010
11U5b2a1a21834 5452 8705 15924 16192!Released 7 Feb 2011
12U5b2a1a21834 5452 8705 15924 16192!Released 20 Jul 2011
13U5b2a1a21834 5452 8705 15924 16192!Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5b2a1a2T1834C C5452T T8705C A15924G T16192C!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5b2a1a2T1834C C5452T T8705C A15924G T16192C!Released 30 Sep 2012
16U5b2a1a2T1834C C5452T T8705C A15924G T16192C!Released 19 Feb 2014
17U5b2a1a2T1834C C5452T T8705C A15924G T16192C!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2a1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000097Achilli et al., 2005noneU5b2a1a2:315.1C, 4655, 9804
Hap5000098Achilli et al., 2005noneU5b2a1a2:315.1C
Hap5001548Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5b2a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5002070Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5b2a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 16266
Hap5004598Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5b2a1a2:315.1C, 11172
Hap5008238Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5b2a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5016935Malyarchuk et al., 2010anoneU5b2a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5019347Cardoso et al., 2013noneU5b2a1a2:315.1C, 16356
Hap5019586Khan et al., 2014noneU5b2a1a2:315.1C, 4695, 10631, 11778, 13956, 16192, 16270, 16519
Hap5021133Derenko et al., 2013noneU5b2a1a2:315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10092594United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10092595New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10092597United StatesGermanyUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10092598United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10092599United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10092602United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10092603UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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