Age: 3,611.0 ± 2,481.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A2757G A10283G T12616C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5b1e
Descendant branch(s): U5b1e1a


Haplogroup U5b1e1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 700 and 4,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b1e1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05U5b1e2757 10283 12616Released 8 Jul 2009
06U5b1e(152) 2757 10283 12616 (16465)Released 28 Sep 2009
07U5b1e(152) 2757 10283 12616 (16465)Released 10 Nov 2009
08U5b1e(152) 2757 10283 12616 (16465)Released 21 Mar 2010
09U5b1e152 2757 10283 12616Released 20 Jun 2010
10U5b1e152 2757 10283 12616Released 10 Aug 2010
11U5b1e152 2757 10283 12616Released 7 Feb 2011
12U5b1e152 2757 10283 12616Released 20 Jul 2011
13U5b1e152 2757 10283 12616Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5b1eT152C! A2757G A10283G T12616CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5b1eT152C! A2757G A10283G T12616CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U5b1e1A2757G A10283G T12616CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U5b1e1A2757G A10283G T12616CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b1e1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000115Annunen-Rasila et al., 2006U5b1e1:146, 150, 195, 247, 5656, 16129, 16187, 16223, 16230, 16270, 16278, 16311, 16465U5b1e1:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5003660Behar et al., 2012bU5b1e1:146, 195, 16465U5b1e1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5004625Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5b1e1:217Y, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5004763Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5b1e1:183R, 315.1C, 523-524d, 13608, 16183M
Hap5004966Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5b1e1:315.1C, 523-524d, 15175, 16093, 16519
Hap5005100Behar et al., 2012bU5b1e1:195, 16465U5b1e1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5007557Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016U5b1e1:16129U5b1e1:315.1C, 523-524d, 13608
Hap5011041Kivisild et al., 2006U5b1e1:146, 150, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16223, 16230, 16270, 16278, 16311, 16465U5b1e1:1-435d, 523-524d, 13359, 16022-16569d
Hap5012670Raule et al., 2014noneU5b1e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16093, 16519
Hap5013510Raule et al., 2014noneU5b1e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16093, 16519
Hap5013519Raule et al., 2014noneU5b1e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16093, 16519
Hap5013521Raule et al., 2014noneU5b1e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16093, 16390, 16519
Hap5013563Raule et al., 2014noneU5b1e1:315.1C, 523-524d, 10042, 15758, 16093, 16184A, 16519
Hap5014228Sequeira et al., 2015noneU5b1e1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5016383Sukernik et al., 2012noneU5b1e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 329, 523-524d, 548, 16488, 16519
Hap5016787Malyarchuk et al., 2010anoneU5b1e1:315.1CC, 523-524d, 8337, 16183C, 16519
Hap5016944Malyarchuk et al., 2010aU5b1e1:16465U5b1e1:315.1C, 523-524d, 8723, 16519
Hap5016953Malyarchuk et al., 2010bnoneU5b1e1:315.1C, 523-524d, 4745, 16093, 16183C, 16519
Hap5016959Malyarchuk et al., 2010bnoneU5b1e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 14803, 16519
Hap5016961Malyarchuk et al., 2010bU5b1e1:16129U5b1e1:285, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 14180, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10092086United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10092087United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10092089United StatesUnited StatesCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10092090UnspecifiedUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10092095United StatesUnited StatesLithuaniaLithuania
Hap10092097United KingdomPolandPolandPoland
Hap10092098United StatesPolandPolandPoland
Hap10092099United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10092100United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10092101UnspecifiedUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10092105United StatesUnited StatesSlovakiaSlovakia
Hap10092106United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10092108United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10092109United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10092110United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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