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Age: 1,981.1 ± 2,782.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T217C (573.XC)
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5b1b
Descendant branch(s): U5b1b2a U5b1b2b


Haplogroup U5b1b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,800 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b1b2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05U5b1b2217Released 8 Jul 2009
06U5b1b2217Released 28 Sep 2009
07U5b1b2217Released 10 Nov 2009
08U5b1b2217Released 21 Mar 2010
09U5b1b2217Released 20 Jun 2010
10U5b1b2217Released 10 Aug 2010
11U5b1b2217Released 7 Feb 2011
12U5b1b2217Released 20 Jul 2011
13U5b1b2217Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5b1b2T217CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5b1b2T217CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U5b1b2T217C (573.XC)Released 19 Feb 2014
17U5b1b2T217C (573.XC)Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5b1b2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004463Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 12082, 16519
Hap5004713Behar et al., 2012bU5b1b2:12618U5b1b2:152Y, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5007997Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 6260R, 16519
Hap5008391Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016U5b1b2:16311U5b1b2:228R, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2438, 16172, 16519
Hap5008903Finnilä et al., 2001noneU5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5008904Finnilä et al., 2001noneU5b1b2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5008905Finnilä et al., 2001U5b1b2:146U5b1b2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5008906Finnilä et al., 2001noneU5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5008907Finnilä et al., 2001noneU5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5008908Finnilä et al., 2001noneU5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5008909Finnilä et al., 2001noneU5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 7740, 16519
Hap5008910Finnilä et al., 2001noneU5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8934, 16519
Hap5012677Raule et al., 2014U5b1b2:146U5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8230, 16519
Hap5013760Raule et al., 2014U5b1b2:152U5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5014346Soini et al., 2012noneU5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 575A, 9682, 16519
Hap5014352Soini et al., 2012noneU5b1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 575A, 9698, 16519
Hap5023606Zheng et al., 2012noneU5b1b2:310N, 16519
Hap5023607Zheng et al., 2012noneU5b1b2:16519
Hap5023608Zheng et al., 2012noneU5b1b2:16519, 16527
Hap5023609Zheng et al., 2012noneU5b1b2:310N, 6068, 16519
Hap5023610Zheng et al., 2012U5b1b2:16192U5b1b2:310N, 14071, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10091554United StatesFinlandFinlandFinland
Hap10091555United StatesFinlandFinlandFinland
Hap10091558United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10091562United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10091563United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10091565United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10091566United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10091567United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10091568United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10091569United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10091570United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10091571United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10091572United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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