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Age: 2,012.7 ± 3,590.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G3531A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5a2c
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U5a2c4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,600 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a2c4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 U5a2c4 G3531A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U5a2c4 G3531A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U5a2c4 G3531A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U5a2c4 G3531A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a2c4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004985 Behar et al., 2012b U5a2c4:146 U5a2c4:315.1C, 16519
Hap5005137 Behar et al., 2012b none U5a2c4:315.1C, 16519
Hap5013375 Raule et al., 2014 none U5a2c4:315.1C, 3465, 3918, 16519
Hap5016925 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none U5a2c4:315.1C, 13401, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10090575United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10090576United StatesUnited StatesDenmarkDenmark
Hap10090577United KingdomUnited KingdomIrelandIreland
Hap10090579CanadaUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10090580United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10090581United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090582United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090583United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090584United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090585United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090586United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090587United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090588United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090589United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10090590United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10090591United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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