Age: 8,117.2 ± 4,155.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T12441C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5a2b1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U5a2b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,000 and 12,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a2b1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

09U5a2b1a12441Released 20 Jun 2010
10U5a2b1a12441Released 10 Aug 2010
11U5a2b1a12441Released 7 Feb 2011
12U5a2b1a12441Released 20 Jul 2011
13U5a2b1a12441Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5a2b1aT12441CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5a2b1aT12441CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U5a2b1aT12441CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U5a2b1aT12441CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a2b1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005054Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a2b1a:315.1C, 2352, 5471, 16519
Hap5008351Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5a2b1a:315.1C, 15927, 16519
Hap5009409Herrnstadt et al., 2002U5a2b1a:146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16192, 16223, 16230, 16256, 16270, 16278, 16311, 16526U5a2b1a:1-576d, 3918, 16024-16569d
Hap5013058Raule et al., 2014U5a2b1a:16256U5a2b1a:315.1C, 7941, 16302, 16519
Hap5013556Raule et al., 2014U5a2b1a:16256U5a2b1a:315.1C, 7941, 16519
Hap5016947Malyarchuk et al., 2010aU5a2b1a:16189U5a2b1a:315.1C, 2352, 5471, 16519
Hap5016965Malyarchuk et al., 2010bnoneU5a2b1a:211, 315.1C, 8718, 8952, 9095, 16093, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10090106United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10090107United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10090109United StatesCanadaIrelandIreland
Hap10090110United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10090111United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10090112United StatesPolandPolandPoland
Hap10090113United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10090114United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10090116United StatesUnited StatesSwitzerlandSwitzerland
Hap10090117United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090118United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090119United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090120United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090121United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090122United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090123United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090124United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090125United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10090126United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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