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Age: 11,437.2 ± 3,186.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G9548A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5a2
Descendant branch(s): U5a2b1 U5a2b2 U5a2b3 U5a2b4 U5a2b5


Haplogroup U5a2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,300 and 14,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a2b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 U5a2b 9548 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U5a2b 9548 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U5a2b 9548 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U5a2b 9548 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U5a2b 9548 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U5a2b 9548 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U5a2b 9548 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U5a2b 9548 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U5a2b 9548 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U5a2b G9548A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U5a2b G9548A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U5a2b G9548A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U5a2b G9548A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a2b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001750 Behar et al., 2012b none U5a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 5417, 6842G, 8411R, 16519
Hap5002275 Behar et al., 2012b U5a2b:152 U5a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 16292, 16519
Hap5003345 Behar et al., 2012b none U5a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 16292, 16519
Hap5007573 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none U5a2b:315.1C, 3398, 7664, 16066, 16519
Hap5016301 Costa et al., 2009 U5a2b:16192 U5a2b:315.1C, 15394, 16519
Hap5016873 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none U5a2b:315.1C, 9531, 16519
Hap5016891 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none U5a2b:315.1C, 9531, 16519
Hap5023591 Zheng et al., 2012 none U5a2b:5824, 7340, 13473, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10089940United StatesUnited StatesCroatiaCroatia
Hap10089941United StatesCyprusCyprusCyprus
Hap10089942United StatesUnited StatesCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10089944United StatesUnited StatesHungaryHungary
Hap10089945United StatesUnited StatesHungaryHungary
Hap10089947United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10089948United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10089953United StatesPolandPolandPoland
Hap10089954United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10089955United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10089957United StatesUnited StatesRussiaRussia
Hap10089959United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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