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Age: 2,450.3 ± 3,105.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T4232C G4655A A11893G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5a2a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U5a2a1d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,600 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a2a1d Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
09 U5a2a4 4232 4655 11893 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U5a2a4 4232 4655 11893 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U5a2a4 4232 4655 11893 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U5a2a4 4232 4655 11893 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U5a2a1d 4232 4655 11893 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U5a2a1d T4232C G4655A A11893G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U5a2a1d T4232C G4655A A11893G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U5a2a1d T4232C G4655A A11893G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U5a2a1d T4232C G4655A A11893G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a2a1d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003346 Behar et al., 2012b U5a2a1d:16192 U5a2a1d:315.1C, 524.1AC, 11176, 16519
Hap5004003 Behar et al., 2012b none U5a2a1d:309.1C, 315.1C, 8020, 16291, 16519
Hap5007147 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U5a2a1d:16192 U5a2a1d:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 11176, 16519
Hap5007205 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U5a2a1d:152 U5a2a1d:315.1C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10089897United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089898United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089899United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089900United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089901United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089902United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089903United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089904United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089905United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089906United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089907United KingdomUnited KingdomUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10089908United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10089909United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10089910United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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