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Age: 18,416.0 ± 3,876.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G16526A
Parent Branch: U5a
Descendant branch(s): U5a2a U5a2b U5a2c U5a2d U5a2e


Haplogroup U5a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 14,500 and 22,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

03U5a216526Released 1 Mar 2009
05U5a216526Released 8 Jul 2009
06U5a216526Released 28 Sep 2009
07U5a216526Released 10 Nov 2009
08U5a216526Released 21 Mar 2010
09U5a216526Released 20 Jun 2010
10U5a216526Released 10 Aug 2010
11U5a216526Released 7 Feb 2011
12U5a216526Released 20 Jul 2011
13U5a216526Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5a2G16526AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5a2G16526AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U5a2G16526AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U5a2G16526AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004469Behar et al., 2012bU5a2:16278U5a2:315.1C, 5295, 6944, 12540, 16362, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10089567United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10089568United StatesUnited StatesLithuaniaLithuania
Hap10089570United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089571United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089572United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089573United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089574United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089575United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089576United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10089578United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10089579United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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