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Age: 6,983.0 ± 1,967.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16291T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5a1b
Descendant branch(s): U5a1b1a U5a1b1b U5a1b1c U5a1b1d U5a1b1e U5a1b1f U5a1b1g U5a1b1h


Haplogroup U5a1b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,000 and 9,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a1b1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05U5a1b116291Released 8 Jul 2009
06U5a1b116291Released 28 Sep 2009
07U5a1b116291Released 10 Nov 2009
08U5a1b116291Released 21 Mar 2010
09U5a1b116291Released 20 Jun 2010
10U5a1b116291Released 10 Aug 2010
11U5a1b116291Released 7 Feb 2011
12U5a1b116291Released 20 Jul 2011
13U5a1b116291Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5a1b1C16291TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5a1b1C16291TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U5a1b1C16291TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U5a1b1C16291TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a1b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001328Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1b1:315.1C, 709, 11149R, 11353, 13135, 16519
Hap5002072Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 10754, 16320Y, 16519
Hap5002133Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1b1:315.1C, 16319
Hap5002148Behar et al., 2012bU5a1b1:16192U5a1b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 15893, 16519
Hap5003106Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 10754, 16093, 16519
Hap5003303Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1b1:315.1C, 1719, 9956, 12618, 16519
Hap5003393Behar et al., 2012bU5a1b1:16192U5a1b1:315.1C, 1503R, 5354, 16093, 16519
Hap5003404Behar et al., 2012bU5a1b1:16189U5a1b1:315.1C, 4715, 16519
Hap5004092Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1b1:150, 315.1C, 16319
Hap5007217Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5a1b1:315.1C, 16239
Hap5007624Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5a1b1:315.1C, 16093, 16519
Hap5008281Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5a1b1:315.1C, 709, 11353, 16519
Hap5008306Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5a1b1:315.1C, 3203, 5438, 16357, 16519
Hap5009130Gasparre et al., 2007noneU5a1b1:315.1C, 2399-2570d, 13966, 14326-14452d, 15172, 16519
Hap5012891Raule et al., 2014noneU5a1b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 3483, 10754, 16093, 16519
Hap5012922Raule et al., 2014noneU5a1b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 10754, 16519
Hap5012933Raule et al., 2014noneU5a1b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 10754, 16519
Hap5013321Raule et al., 2014noneU5a1b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 10754, 16519
Hap5016890Malyarchuk et al., 2010aU5a1b1:16311U5a1b1:200, 315.1C, 1836, 4991, 13164, 16172, 16519
Hap5023576Zheng et al., 2012U5a1b1:16187, 16189, 16192U5a1b1:2086N, 11353, 16187d, 16519
Hap5023577Zheng et al., 2012noneU5a1b1:523-524d, 10754, 16093, 16519
Hap5023578Zheng et al., 2012U5a1b1:16278U5a1b1:5372, 6516, 8093, 14071, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10088272United KingdomFinlandFinlandFinland
Hap10088273United StatesUnited StatesFinlandFinland
Hap10088274UnspecifiedUnited StatesFinlandFinland
Hap10088276United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10088277United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10088278United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10088280United StatesMacedoniaMacedoniaMacedonia
Hap10088282United KingdomUnited KingdomNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10088287United StatesPolandPolandPoland
Hap10088288United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10088289United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10088290United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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