Age: 6,836.3 ± 3,928.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T5495C A15924G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5a1a
Descendant branch(s): U5a1a1a U5a1a1b U5a1a1c U5a1a1d U5a1a1e U5a1a1g U5a1a1h U5a1a1i


Haplogroup U5a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,900 and 10,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05U5a1a15495 15924Released 8 Jul 2009
06U5a1a15495 15924Released 28 Sep 2009
07U5a1a15495 15924Released 10 Nov 2009
08U5a1a15495 15924Released 21 Mar 2010
09U5a1a15495 15924Released 20 Jun 2010
10U5a1a15495 15924Released 10 Aug 2010
11U5a1a15495 15924Released 7 Feb 2011
12U5a1a15495 15924Released 20 Jul 2011
13U5a1a15495 15924Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5a1a1T5495C A15924GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5a1a1T5495C A15924GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U5a1a1T5495C A15924GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U5a1a1T5495C A15924GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001227Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:146U5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 2708, 13708, 16519
Hap5001271Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:16278U5a1a1:315.1C, 3801, 9095, 9233, 12358, 16092, 16519
Hap5001396Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:16270U5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 749, 16519
Hap5001436Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1a1:207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 9856Y, 14001
Hap5001697Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:13105U5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 16519
Hap5002088Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:11914U5a1a1:315.1C, 16519
Hap5002972Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 8152, 16519
Hap5003323Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:16278U5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 6260, 6722, 8883, 16290, 16519
Hap5003948Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:16189U5a1a1:152Y, 315.1C, 6059G, 16519
Hap5004066Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1a1:315.1C, 14299Y, 16519
Hap5004181Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:195, 16129, 16311U5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 4080, 13768, 16519
Hap5004273Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:16189U5a1a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16183C, 16519
Hap5004278Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:16189U5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 5899.1C, 13434, 16209, 16362, 16519
Hap5004288Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1a1:315.1C, 979, 6164, 14484, 16519
Hap5004423Behar et al., 2012bU5a1a1:16270U5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5655, 8705, 16172, 16519
Hap5004490Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 1503, 11143, 15849, 16519
Hap5004788Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1a1:315.1C, 7837, 9804, 11509, 13980, 15773, 16519
Hap5004975Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1a1:315.1C, 16142A, 16210, 16519
Hap5007141Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5a1a1:207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 14001
Hap5007297Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5a1a1:315.1C, 16519
Hap5007344Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 15436A
Hap5008342Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3027, 3388A, 4173, 16519
Hap5009341Hartmann et al., 2008noneU5a1a1:315.1C, 4749, 13404, 16519
Hap5012977Raule et al., 2014U5a1a1:16270U5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3388A, 14655T, 16352, 16519
Hap5013474Raule et al., 2014noneU5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 4823, 16192, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10086617United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10086618United StatesUnited StatesBelgiumBelgium
Hap10086627Cape VerdeCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10086628United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10086629UnspecifiedUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10086634New ZealandGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10086635United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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