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Age: 16,936.2 ± 2,819.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A15218G A16399G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U5a
Descendant branch(s): U5a1a U5a1b U5a1c U5a1d U5a1e U5a1f U5a1g U5a1h U5a1i U5a1j


Haplogroup U5a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 14,100 and 19,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 1 Mar 2009
05 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U5a1 15218 16399 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U5a1 A15218G A16399G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U5a1 A15218G A16399G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U5a1 A15218G A16399G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U5a1 A15218G A16399G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000083 Achilli et al., 2005 none U5a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5339, 12801, 13889, 15466, 16519
Hap5012213 Pichler et al., 2008 none U5a1:315.1C, 4111, 9088, 9438, 12810, 14145, 14221, 15790, 16249
Hap5012254 Pichler et al., 2008 none U5a1:315.1C, 4111, 9088, 9438, 12810, 14145, 14221, 15790, 16249
Hap5012480 Raule et al., 2014 U5a1:195 U5a1:315.1C, 2232.1A, 5237, 5460, 6267, 13651, 16519
Hap5016884 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none U5a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5018438 Fayzulin and Alexeyev 2011 none U5a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 2149R, 4429R, 5339, 12801, 13889, 15466, 16519
Hap5021145 Derenko et al., 2013 U5a1:152 U5a1:315.1C, 3173, 16294, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10086570United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10086572United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10086573United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10086574United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10086575United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10086577United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10086578United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10086579United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10086580United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10086581United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10086582United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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